Abyei (town)

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Abyei

أبيي
View of Abyei town, with traditional dwellings (2009).
View of Abyei town,
with traditional dwellings (2009).
Coordinates: 09°36′0″N 28°26′0″E / 9.60000°N 28.43333°E / 9.60000; 28.43333Coordinates: 09°36′0″N 28°26′0″E / 9.60000°N 28.43333°E / 9.60000; 28.43333
Country South Sudan
 Sudan
Administrative areaAbyei Area
Elevation
1,300 ft (400 m)
Time zoneUTC+2
Aerial view of Abyei town and environs, in 2009.

Abyei (also spelled Abyēy; Arabic: أبيي‎) is a border town currently in the Abyei Area that is disputed by Sudan and South Sudan. The U.N. estimated the town's population at around 20,000 previous to May 2011 events.[1]

The oil-producing and fertile Abyei Area, with Abyei town as its center, is a disputed territorial point of contention in the July 2011 secession of South Sudan process.[1]

History

2008 Conflict

Abyei town was almost completely destroyed in May 2008 when tensions escalated between the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA) and the Sudanese Army Force (SAF) after the Government of South Sudan appointed an administrator for the region, a move the Messiria objected to.[2]

2009

Some 50,000 of Abyei Town's inhabitants, mostly Dinka fled southwards to Agok in Southern Sudan. Since the signing of the roadmap for the return of the displaced and the implementation of the Abyei Protocol in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, much of the town was rebuilt by mid-2009.[2][3]

2011

Abyei referendum

Whether Abyei Area and town would remain part of the South Kordofan region of northern Sudan or become part of the Bahr el Ghazal region of South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan) was to be decided by a local referendum in 2011.[4] Disagreements over the process, and the recent violent takeover, raise questions whether a vote will be held.[1]

Takeover

The northern Sudan military succeeded on May 21, 2011 with a forceful takeover of Abyei Area and town.[1] A week after the takeover satellite images show that the Sudanese army burned and razed about one-third of all civilian buildings in the town during the violence.[5] Tens of thousands of Abyei region civilians, including up to 35,000 children, have been displaced by the northern takeover.[5] The satellite image evidence, supporting a claim of state-sponsored ethnic cleansing of much of the contested Abyei town and region, is being submitted to the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the UN Security Council for assessment.[5]

Climate

Abyei has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) bordering a tropical savanna climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Abyei (town)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.9
(94.8)
36.3
(97.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.8
(101.8)
36.8
(98.2)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.2
(88.2)
32.3
(90.1)
33.9
(93.0)
34.9
(94.8)
34.6
(94.3)
34.8
(94.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
27.5
(81.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30
(86)
28.3
(82.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
26
(79)
27.7
(81.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
18.7
(65.7)
21.5
(70.7)
22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
21
(70)
19.4
(66.9)
17.4
(63.3)
20.7
(69.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
17
(0.7)
72
(2.8)
124
(4.9)
163
(6.4)
185
(7.3)
141
(5.6)
58
(2.3)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
765
(30.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Reuters; 05.22.2011; "North Sudan seizes disputed Abyei, thousands flee" . accessed 5.30.2011
  2. ^ a b United Nations Development Programme - Sudan UNHCR; 21 May 2008; "Sudan: Fighting could hamper Abyei aid operation" Archived 8 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  3. ^ United Nations Development Programme - Sudan UNHCR; July 2009; "Recovery of Abyei Area through Good Governance and Poverty Reduction" Archived July 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  4. ^ Aafriquejet; 01.19.2011 "Abyei referendum issue unresolved" [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c Al Jazeera English; 30 May 2011; "US group says Sudan army committed war crimes" . accessed 05.30.2011
  6. ^ "Climate: Abyei - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 August 2013.

External links

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