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An administrative village or subdistrict is the lowest level of government administration in Indonesia. It can refer to a desa or a kelurahan. A desa is headed by a kepala desa, who is elected by popular vote. A kelurahan is headed by lurah, a civil servant appointed by local government (city or regency). A village is divided non-administratively into local communities which manage a certain number of households. In Aceh, a village is called as gampong. Since the implementation of regional autonomy in 2001, the larger nagari has been introduced in place of the desa as the lowest government unit in West Sumatra.
The village is the lowest level of government administration in Indonesia. A village is divided into several community groups (rukun warga (RW)), which are further divided into neighbourhood groups (rukun tetangga (RT)).
As of September 2019, there were 83,436 fourth-level administrative divisions (desa, kampung pekon, or kelurahan) in Indonesia.
- Franz and Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, "Recentralization and Decentralization in West Sumatra," in Holtzappel and Ramstedt (eds.), Decentralization and Regional Autonomy in Indonesia: Implementation and Challenges, Singapore and Leiden, 2009, pp. 233ff. at 302. Ardimas Sasdi, "West Sumatra reinvents its original roots," The Jakarta Post, 25 January 2008.
- Kode Pos Indonesia