Baker County, Florida
Baker County Courthouse in Macclenny
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 8, 1861|
|Named for||James McNair Baker|
|• Total||589 sq mi (1,530 km2)|
|• Land||585 sq mi (1,520 km2)|
|• Water||3.7 sq mi (10 km2) 0.6%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||48.5/sq mi (18.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Baker County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,115. Its county seat is Macclenny. The county was founded in 1861 and is named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate Senator.
Baker County was founded in 1861. It was named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate senator. In 1864 the Battle of Olustee was fought near Lake City in Baker County. This was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida.
Much of the area was originally covered with pine flatwoods and cypress swamps, as was Columbia County to the west. Parts of both counties are included in Osceola National Forest. A timber industry developed here, with sawmills constructed along rivers and waterways, where lumber was brought out by water. Turpentine was also produced. These industries employed many African-American laborers.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 589 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 585 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) (0.6%) is water. The extreme northern part of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.
The St. Mary's River passes through Baker and numerous other counties. The St. Marys River is a remote blackwater river, rising in southeastern Georgia and flowing into northeastern Florida, where it forms the easternmost border between the two states.
National protected areas
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1990-2000 2010-2015 2018
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,259 people, 7,043 households, and 5,599 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 7,592 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.04% White, 13.92% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.5% were of American, 9.9% Irish, 8.6% English and 6.6% German ancestry according to Census 2000. Those claiming "American" ancestry are of predominantly English ancestry but most people in Baker County who are Anglo-European tend to identify simply as American. 97.2% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.
There were 7,043 households out of which 41.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.50% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 119.79 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,035, and the median income for a family was $43,503. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,279 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,164. About 11.40% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
The Baker County School District serves public school students in the county.
As of February 28, 2019, the county had a Republican majority, with a large Democratic minority.
|Name||Number of voters||%|
|2014||70.54% 5,956||24.87% 2,100||4.59% 388|
|2010||62.34% 4,940||34.46% 2,731||3.20% 253|
|2006||69.39% 4,335||27.82% 1,738||2.79% 174|
|2002||69.22% 4,515||30.06% 1,961||0.72% 47|
|1998||71.14% 3,268||28.86% 1,326|
|1994||68.52% 3,600||31.48% 1,654|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 24, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 30.
- "American Battlefield Protection Program Battle Summary". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-02-18.
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- "Florida's Water". floridaswater.com. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Baker County Geography". stmaryriverbaker.weebly.com. Thomas. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "QuickFacts. BkaerCounty, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
- Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
- Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
- Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
- "Emily Taber Public Library (Baker County) | New River Public Library Cooperative". 2016-03-04. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
- "Voter Registration - By County and Party". dos.myflorida.com. Archived from the original on 2019-04-06. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
- "Google Maps". Google Maps.
- Baker County Board of County Commissioners
- Baker County Supervisor of Elections
- Baker County Property Appraiser[permanent dead link]
- Baker County Sheriff's Office
- Baker County Tax Collector
- Baker County Clerk of Courts
- Office of the State Attorney, 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy and Union Counties
- Circuit and County Court for the 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida
Community Web Pages
- BakerCountyToday.org - Baker County, Florida: Today and Yesterday
- Baker County Community Home Page - BakerCountyFL.com - Owned and Managed from Baker County
Museum and Library Resources
- The Baker County Press, the local newspaper for Baker County, Florida fully and openly available in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library