Balkan Gagauz Turkish

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Balkan Turkish
Rumelian Turkish
Rumeli Türkçesi
Native toTurkey, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Kosovo
Native speakers
(330,000 cited 1993)[1]
(adults only)
Latin script, Cyrillic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3bgx

Balkan Gagauz, also known as Balkan Turkic and Rumelian (Turkish: Rumeli Türkçesi), is a Turkic language spoken in European Turkey, in Dulovo and the Deliorman area in Bulgaria and in the Kumanovo and Bitola areas of North Macedonia.[3] Dialects include Gajal, Gerlovo Turk, Karamanli, Kyzylbash, Surguch, Tozluk Turk, Yuruk, Prizren and Macedonian Gagauz. Although it is mutually intelligible with both Gagauz[3] and Turkish to a considerable degree, it is usually classified as a separate language due to foreign influences from neighboring languages spoken in the Balkans.


  1. ^ Balkan Turkish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rumelian Turkish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Ethnologue entry for Balkan Gagauz Turkish

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