Banner (country subdivision)

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Banner is a type of administrative division, and may more specifically refer to:

China

Anatolia

  • A Bandon (Byzantine Empire) was the lowest Byzantine administrative-cum-military unit. "Bandon" means "banner".[3]
  • Sanjak, literally "a banner, flag", was the original first level subdivision of the Ottoman Empire.

Arab world

  • Liwa, an Arabic term meaning "banner" as a type of administrative division.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-8135-0627-2.
  2. ^ Elliott, Mark C. (2001). The Manchu way: the eight banners and ethnic identity in late imperial China. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4684-7.
  3. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). "Bandon". The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
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