Castaic Dam and its lake, 2007
Location in Los Angeles County, California
|• Total||7.278 sq mi (18.851 km2)|
|• Land||7.261 sq mi (18.806 km2)|
|• Water||0.017 sq mi (0.045 km2) 0.24%|
|Elevation||1,280 ft (390 m)|
|• Density||2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||2582966|
|U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Castaic, California|
Castaic (also spelled Castéc, Casteque, or Kashtiq) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in the northern part of Los Angeles County, California. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 19,015.
Many thousands of motorists pass through Castaic daily as they drive to or from Los Angeles on Interstate 5 (Golden State Freeway). Castaic Lake is part of the California Water Project and is the site of a hydro-electric power plant. Castaic is 38 miles (61 km) northwest of Los Angeles Union Station and directly northwest of the city of Santa Clarita.
Castaic is known for its decades-long range war in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that resulted in dozens of deaths before hostilities ceased in 1916.
Name and origins
On Spanish documents, the original spelling was Castéc, which represented the Chumash Native American word Kashtiq, meaning "eyes" or "wet spot". Castec is first mentioned on old boundary maps of Rancho San Francisco, as a canyon at the trailhead leading to the old Chumash camp at Castac Lake (Tejon Ranch), which is intermittently wet and briny. Early publications in English spelled it Casteque.
Modern Castaic began in 1887 when Southern Pacific set up a railroad siding on the line between Piru and Saugus Station, naming it "Castaic Junction". Between January and April 1890, the Castec School District adopted the new spelling, "Castaic".
Following media broadcasts announcing conditions of Castaic Lake, some pronounce "Castaic" with three, instead of two, syllables. (See below for details and sources on the pronunciation.)
A feud started over Section 23, where the Stonebridge subdivision is now. William Chormicle had legally bought the property, but William "Wirt" Jenkins was already storing grain on it and said he had filed for ownership. During a heated dispute, Chormicle and a friend shot and killed two of Jenkins's cowhands. They were acquitted in court.
Jenkins, however, was the local justice of the peace, with friends of his own, and the feud quickly grew into war. Former Los Angeles Rangers (among whom Jenkins had fought) and other notables were drawn in. The war claimed dozens of lives and foiled a negotiator, a forest ranger whom President Theodore Roosevelt had sent in to quell it.
The hamlet of Castaic began in 1915 with the opening of the original Ridge Route, which brought travelers looking for gasoline, water, food, and lodging to the community. Some of the earliest businesses started in Castaic are Castaic Brick (founded 1927) and George Dunn's Wayside Dairy (founded 1929). Sam's Place (Sam Parson, proprietor) on the Ridge Route has long since gone and is now a memory. Castaic is a major truck stop along the Interstate 5 freeway.
Castaic has the last traditional cattle roundup—with horses, lariats, and branding irons—in Los Angeles County. It has been held by the Cordova family since 1834, when the family first settled here. Members of the Cordova family were scouts for the U.S. Army during the Mexican War in 1846 and helped identify bodies during the St. Francis Dam disaster in San Francisquito Canyon in 1928. Operations scaled back in 1967 when the government seized around 1,000 acres (400 ha), including the ancestral ranch-house, for the planned Castaic Lake and dam.
Castaic includes Castaic Lake and lies at the southern terminus of the west branch of the California Water Project. A 1,175-megawatt pumped-storage hydroelectric plant at the north end of Castaic Lake captures the energy from the falling water descending toward the Los Angeles area.
The area is seismically active. On January 3, 2015, a pair of earthquakes of magnitude 3.1 (location: , depth: 5.6 miles (9.0 km)) and 4.2 (location: , depth: 5.5 miles (8.9 km)), respectively, were reported about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) north of Castaic. The epicenter was 16 miles (26 km) from Santa Clarita, California.
This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). During the months of June though September, however, the average high temperature ranges from the 90s F (30s C) to above 100 °F (38 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Castaic has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Castaic had a population of 19,015. The population density was 2,612.5 people per square mile (1,008.7/km2). The racial makeup of Castaic was 13,607 (71.6%) White (57.1% Non-Hispanic White), 630 (3.3%) African American, 119 (0.6%) Native American, 2,162 (11.4%) Asian, 26 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,466 (7.7%) from other races, and 1,005 (5.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,716 persons (24.8%).
The Census reported that 18,946 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 69 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Castaic had a median household income of $106,538, with 7.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line. The population was spread out, with 5,761 people (30.3%) under the age of 18, 1,717 people (9.0%) aged 18 to 24, 5,144 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 5,302 people (27.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,091 people (5.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.
There were 5,932 housing units at an average density of 815.0 per square mile (314.7/km2), of which 4,843 (84.2%) were owner-occupied, and 908 (15.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.7%. 16,231 people (85.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,715 people (14.3%) lived in rental housing units.
Government and infrastructure
The Castaic Union School District consists of four schools: three elementary schools, and one middle school. Live Oak Elementary School, Castaic Elementary School and Northlake Hills Elementary School serve students in kindergarten through sixth grade. Castaic Middle School serves grades seven through eight. Castaic High School was introduced for the 2019-2020 school year. However due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the school has yet to operate for a full term. Prior to this Castaic high school students attended either Valencia High School or West Ranch High School in the William S. Hart Union High School District. Despite being localed in Castaic, the new high school is administered by the Hart District whose offices are located 13 miles (21 km) southeast of Castaic.
- U.S. Census Archived 2012-07-02 at the Wayback Machine
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Castaic, California
- "Castec" is written on diseños (boundary maps) of Rancho San Francisco in the 19th century; it is the Chumash name in Spanish, since Spanish has no 'sh'.
- The earliest English spelling was Casteque, an anglicization of Castéc, which in turn is the Spanish spelling of Chumash Kashtiq. UC Riverside, California Digital Newspaper Database.
- John R. Johnson, "The Trail to Kashtiq," The Journal of California Anthropology, vol 5, no 2, pp 188–198. SCVHistory.com
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Castaic CDP, California". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
- Railroad stop history at Castaic
- "Castaic area history". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
- Los Angeles Herald, Volume 34, Number 5, 18 April 1890
- Los Angeles Herald, Volume 33, Number 92, 11 January 1890
- "SCVHistory.com, Excerpts from court transcript". Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "Westsidereader.com "America's Forgotten and Deadliest Range War"". Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- Los Angeles Times, "Castaic's Great Range War."
- SCV History, "The Great Range War"
- LA Times, "Last Roundup."
- The Signal, "When everybody was a cowboy."
- Hamilton, Matt (January 3, 2015). "Earthquake: 4.2 and 3.0 temblors recorded near Castaic". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- "M3.1 - 13km N of Castaic, California 2014-12-31 06:27:41 UTC". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- "M4.2 - 14km N of Castaic, California 2015-01-04 03:18:09 UTC". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- Climate Summary for Castaic, California
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-09-08. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
-  Archived 2012-09-08 at WebCite "Community Facts" American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Castaic CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
- "Santa Clarita Valley Station". Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on 2010-01-21 from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-23. Retrieved 2010-01-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
- Castaic Town Council. Retrieved from http://www.castaicareatowncouncil.org.
- Baseball Reference.com