Later, the term was used for the province, particularly in Kazan and the Siberian Khanates in the 15th-16th centuries; and finally in the Turkic-populated parts of the Russian Empire in 16th-18th centuries. In Safavid Persia, it was a title meaning prefect. For example, one of the many Safavid darughas was Mirman Mirimanidze.
- Ergene, Boğaç A. (2009). Judicial Practice: Institutions and Agents in the Islamic World. Brill. p. 271. ISBN 978-9-00417-934-9.
Darugha - the word is derived from the Mongol daru-, 'to press, to seal' and was used to denote a chief in the Mongol feudal hierarchy (...)
- (in Tatar) "Даруга". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.
- Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-44224-146-6.
- Rychkov Petr Ivanovich: "Topography of Orenburg" Russia St. Petersburg, 1762 page 93