Flag of the United States Army
|Adopted||June 12, 1956|
|Design||A blue replica of the War Office Seal set on a white field. Beneath the seal is a broad scarlet scroll bearing the inscription in white letters, "UNITED STATES ARMY". Beneath the scroll, in blue sans serif Arabic numerals, is "1775".|
|Designed by||United States Army|
Variant flag of the United States Army
|Name||United States Army Field Flag|
|Adopted||April 12, 1962|
|Design||A white replica of the War Office Seal set on a blue field. Beneath the seal is a broad white scroll bearing the inscription in scarlet letters, "UNITED STATES ARMY". Beneath the scroll, in white sans serif Arabic numerals, is "1775".|
The flag of the United States Army displays a blue replica of the War Office Seal set on a white field. Beneath the seal is a broad scarlet scroll bearing the inscription in white letters, "United States Army". Beneath the scroll, in blue Hindu-Arabic numerals, is "1775", the year in which the Continental Army was created with the appointment of General George Washington as General of the Army. All of this is on a white background.
Prior to 1956 the Army was the only armed service without a flag, official or otherwise, to represent the entire service. In 1955, prompted by the need for a flag to represent the U.S. Army in joint service ceremonies, Secretary of the Army Wilber M. Brucker requested the creation of an army flag.
The U.S. Army flag was dedicated and unfurled to the general public on June 14, 1956 at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, on the 181st anniversary of the establishment of the U.S. Army by the Continental Congress. The original flag measured 4 feet 4 inches by 5 feet 6 inches, the flag is of white silk with a blue embroidered central design of the original War Office seal. "United States Army" is inscribed in white letters on a scarlet scroll, with the year "1775" in blue numerals below.
The concept of campaign streamers began during the American Civil War, when the War Department instructed regiments to inscribe the names of their meritorious battles on their national colors. The Army has defined an official campaign as a particular combat action or series of actions that has historical significance or military importance to the U.S. and the Army. In 1890 the War Department directed that regimental honors be engraved on silver rings placed on the staffs of regimental flags. In 1920 the War Department ordered that each regimental color would bear streamers, in the colors of the campaign medal ribbon, for each campaign in which the regiment had fought. The creation of the Army Flag provided a means to display all the Army’s campaigns (190 as of 2019[update]).
- "Establishing a flag for the United States Army". Executive Order 10670. June 12, 1956. p. 324. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
WHEREAS the Secretary of the Army has adopted, and has recommended that I approve, an official flag for the United States Army, the design of which accompanies and is hereby made a part of this order, and which is described as follows: UNITED STATES ARMY FLAG--The flag for the United States Army is 4 feet 4 inches hoist by 5 feet 6 inches fly, of white silk or rayon, with yellow fringe, 2½ inches wide. In the center of the flag is the central design of the seal of the Department of the Army (without the Roman numerals) in ultramarine blue, above a scarlet scroll with the designation "UNITED STATES ARMY" in white, and beneath the scroll are the Arabic numerals "1775"; AND WHEREAS it appears that such flag is of suitable design and appropriate for adoption as the official flag of the United States Army: NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, I hereby approve such flag as the official flag of the United States Army. On such official flags of the United States Army as the Secretary of the Army may designate, there shall be displayed below the spearhead of the flagstaff one streamer for each of the officially recognized campaigns in which the United States Army has participated. There shall be embroidered on each streamer the name of the campaign and the year in which it occurred.
- "United States Army Field Flag".
- Streamers, United States Army Institute of Heraldry
- Streamers Documentation, Institute of Heraldry, archived from the original on June 20, 2013, retrieved May 18, 2010
- "REVOLUTIONARY WAR". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "WAR OF 1812 & MEXICAN WAR". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "MEXICAN WAR". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "CIVIL WAR". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "INDIAN CAMPAIGNS". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "WAR WITH SPAIN & CHINA RELIEF EXPEDITION". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "MEXICAN EXPEDITION & WORLD WAR I". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "AMERICAN & ASIATIC PACIFIC WW II". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "EUROPE WW II". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "KOREA". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "VIETNAM". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "Listing of the Campaigns of the U.S. Army Displayed on the Army Flag". U.S. Army Center of Military History. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "EXPEDITIONARY & SOUTHWEST ASIA SERVICE". tmg110.tripod.com.
- "Wayback Machine". November 26, 2016. Archived from the original on November 26, 2016.
- "Iraq Campaign Streamers". Uniform Accessories Unlimited INC.
- "Campaign Participation Credit and Campaign Streamers for Operation Inherent Resolve". March 10, 2018. Archived from the original on March 10, 2018.
- "Inherent resolve award streamer". www.guidonsandmore.com.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document: "The Origin of the U.S. Army Flag".
- United States Army Flag: Short history of Army Flag at the U.S. Army Quartermaster Museum