|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 14th district
January 3, 1975 – August 25, 1982
|Preceded by||John J. Rooney|
|Succeeded by||Guy Molinari|
Frederick William Richmond
November 15, 1923
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||December 28, 2019 (aged 96)|
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
Monique Alice Pflieger
(m. 1955; div. 1957)
|Education||Boston University (BA)|
Richmond was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Frances (née Rosen) and George Richmond; his father was a lawyer and his mother a homemaker. He graduated from Roxbury Memorial High School in 1940 and enrolled in Boston University. During World War II, he served in the United States Navy from 1943 to 1945 before returning to Boston University, graduating in 1946. In college, he supported himself by playing the piano and forming the Freddie Richmond Swing Band.
He served as deputy finance chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1958 until 1960 and was a delegate to the 1964 Democratic National Convention. He was also member of the New York City Council from 1973 until 1974 when he was elected to the US Congress in 1974 and represented New York's 14th congressional district from January 3, 1975, until August 25, 1982.
Upon his election, Richmond joined the House Agriculture Committee where he spent many years to develop new support for federally funded inner city gardens which he hoped would spread across the nation. Due to his work, and with help from House veterans in Congress like Jamie Whitten, the Urban Gardening Program (UGP) was created. 
From the 1950s to the 1980s he built a conglomerate, incorporated in 1960 as Walco National, buying up and usually improving the operations of a diverse group of smaller operating companies. His business career was not without notoriety. Richmond was also known as an opportunist who skirted ethics. In one instance, he was accused of involvement in greenmail, the purchase of strategic blocks of shares for resale back to a target for a profit.
In April 1978, Richmond was arrested in Washington for soliciting sex from a 16-year-old boy.
In 1982, Richmond was convicted on federal corruption charges, which included possession of marijuana and payment of an illegal gratuity to a Brooklyn Navy Yard employee. He resigned his seat and was found guilty of making illegal payments to a government employee and marijuana possession. He was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison and fined $20,000. He served nine months in prison.
With a personal fortune estimated at $32 million, Richmond was one of the wealthiest members of Congress.
- List of American federal politicians convicted of crimes
- List of federal political scandals in the United States
- List of federal political sex scandals in the United States
- List of Jewish members of the United States Congress
- Malakoff, David (1994). "Final Harvest". Community Greening Review: 1–2.
- "CongressionalBadBoys". Archived from the original on 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2006-10-04.
- "The Foley Follies", by John W. Dean, FindLaw, October 6, 2006
- "Frederick Richmond, 96, Dies; Congressman Undone by Corruption". The New York Times. January 9, 2020.
- United States Congress. "Fred Richmond (id: R000232)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-05-19.
- "What's Really Wrong with Fred Richmond?", Jim Sleeper, Village Voice, March 30, 1982.
- "The Rise and Fall of Fred Richmond", Pete Hamill and Denis Hamill, New York Magazine, November 22, 1982.
| Member of the New York City Council
from the 18th district
| Member of the New York City Council
from the 29th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
John J. Rooney
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 14th congressional district