Garza language

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RegionTexas, Mexico
Extinct19th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3xgr

Garza is an extinct Pakawan language of Texas and Mexico. It is known from two tribal names and twenty-one words recorded from the chief of the Garza by Berlandier in 1828 (Berlandier et al. 1828–1829, 1850: 143–144). At that time, the Garza all spoke Spanish and were acculturated. The Garza may have been the same as the Atanguaypacam tribe (of the Comecrudo) recorded in 1748. The Garza were called something like Meacknan or Miákan by the neighboring Cotoname (Gatschet 1886: 54) while they called the Cotoname Yué. Garza is Spanish for "heron."


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Garza". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Berlandier, Jean L.; & Chowell, Rafael (1828–1829). [Vocabularies of languages of south Texas and the lower Rio Grande]. (Additional manuscripts, no. 38720, in the British Library, London.)
  • Berlandier, Jean L.; & Chowell, Rafael (1850). Luis Berlandier and Rafael Chovell. Diario de viage de la Commission de Limites. Mexico.
  • Gatschet, Albert S. (1886). [Comecrudo and Cotoname vocabularies, collected at Las Prietas, Tamaulipas]. Ms. 297, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Saldivar, Gabriel. (1943). Los indios de Tamaulipas. Instituto panamerico de geografía e historia, Publication 70.

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