Gendarmerie General Command
|Gendarmerie General Command|
Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı
Emblem of the Gendarmerie General Command
Flag of the Gendarmerie General Command
|Employees||170,295 sworn members + 80,000 to 90,000 Village guards.|
1,475 Armored and utility vehicles
|Elected officer responsible|
|Parent agency||Ministry of the Interior|
The Gendarmerie General Command (Turkish: Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı) is a service branch of the Turkish Ministry of Interior responsible for the maintenance of the public order in areas that fall outside the jurisdiction of police forces (generally in rural areas), as well as assuring internal security along with carrying out other specific duties assigned to it by certain laws and regulations.
The Commander of the Gendarmerie reports to the Minister of the Interior.
The Gendarmerie has its roots in the Ottoman Empire military law enforcement organization "Subaşı" (later known as the "Zaptiye"). A similar, earlier force called "Şurta" existed during the medieval Seljuq Empire.
After the abolition of the Janissary corps of the Ottoman Empire in 1826, military organizations called Asâkir-i Muntazâma-i Mansûre, Asâkir-i Muntazâma-i Hâssa, and, in 1834, Asâkir-i Redîfe were established for security and public order in Anatolia and in some provinces of Rumelia.
As the first use of the term Gendarmerie was in the Assignment Decrees published in the years following the 1839 Edict of Gülhane, it is assumed that the Gendarmerie organization was founded after that year, but the exact date of foundation has not yet been determined. Therefore, the date on which the name Asâkir-i Zaptiye Nizâmnâmesi was adopted, June 14, 1839, is usually considered the foundation date of the Turkish Gendarmerie.
After the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War, Ottoman prime minister Mehmed Said Pasha decided to bring police officers from Britain and France to establish a modern law enforcement organization. The Gendarmerie was used to great effect after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, particularly in Rumelia. In 1909, the Gendarmerie was affiliated with the Ministry of War, and its name was changed to the Gendarmerie General Command (Ottoman Turkish: Umûm Jandarma Kumandanlığı).
Gendarmerie units continued their internal security duties as well as taking part in the conflict at various fronts as a part of the Armed Forces during World War I and the Turkish War of Independence.
Republic of Turkey
The Gendarmerie organization achieved its current legal status on June 10, 1930. In 1939, the Gendarmerie organization was restructured, having three groups: Fixed Gendarmerie Units, Mobile Gendarmerie Units, and Gendarmerie Training Units and Schools.
In 1956, the Gendarmerie General Command was assigned the duties of protecting borders, coasts and territorial waters, and fighting smuggling, which had been previously carried out by the Gümrük Umum Kumandanlığı, under the Ministry of Customs and Monopoly. In 1957, Gendarmerie Border Units were transformed into brigades, and Gendarmerie Training Brigades were established.
In 1961, Gendarmerie Regional Commands were established. In 1968, the first Gendarmerie Aviation Unit was established in Diyarbakır under the name of Light Helicopter Company Command.
In 1974, Gendarmerie Commando Units and Gendarmerie Aviation Units took part in the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
In 1988, the duty of protecting the land borders and ensuring their security was assigned to the Land Forces Command, but Gendarmerie General Command still holds the responsibility for some parts of the Iranian and Syrian borders and the whole Iraqi border.
The Gendarmerie Criminal Department was founded in Ankara in 1993 and from 1994, Gendarmerie Regional Criminal Laboratory Superiorities? were founded. Crime Scene Examination Teams, Explosive Material Disposal Units, Fingerprints and Palm Prints Branches and Crime Scene Examination Units were also established.
The Gendarmerie General Command currently has a total of 3,600 units, including 3,056 Internal Security Units, 218 Commando Units, 162 Prison Units, 160 Protection Units and four Aviation Units.
The duties of the gendarmerie according to the Law No. 2803 on the Organization, Duties and Powers of the Gendarmerie; It is categorized under four main titles as judicial, military, civil and other duties.
- Finding crimes and criminals,
- Capturing suspects,
- Transferring evidence judicial authorities,
- Conduct preparatory investigations when instructed to by the public prosecutor,
- Transporting prisoners between prisons and jails and courthouses.
- To ensure that the services for general safety and security are carried out in accordance with the relevant legislation,
- To carry out the services of informing the public about how to protect the society from public order crime, directing children and young people to crime and taking precautionary measures,
- To evaluate the information and statistics about public order crimes, to conduct or have an analysis of the crime and to determine the methods of combating crime to prevent public order crimes by evaluating them,
- Carrying out activities to prevent crime,
- Preventing, pursuing and investigating smuggling,
- External protection of penal institutions and detention centers.
- To perform military services provided by law
- These are duties other than judicial, military and civil duties, such as facility and personal protection and transport security, which must be carried out in accordance with laws and regulations, orders and decisions.
Gendarmerie General Command Headquarters (Ankara)
- Gendarmerie Security Corps Command (Van, Turkey)
- Gendarmerie Training Command (Ankara, İncek, Gölbaşı)
- 1. Gendarmerie Training Battalion Command (Aydın)
- 2. Gendarmerie Training Battalion Command (Bilecik)
- 3. Gendarmerie Training Battalion Command (Ezine, Çanakkale)
- 5. Gendarmerie Training Regiment Command (Gölköy, Kastamonu)
- 6. Gendarmerie Commando Training Regiment Command (Kırkağaç, Manisa)
- 7. Gendarmerie Commando Training Regiment Command (Yenifoça, İzmir)
- Gendarmerie Combat Training Battalion Command (Seferihisar, İzmir)
- Gendarmerie Transport Battalion Command (Söğüt, Bilecik)
- 10. Gendarmerie Training Regiment Command (Bornova, Izmir)
- 116. Gendarmerie Private Training Regiment Command (Çanakkale)
- 121. Gendarmerie Training Regiment Command (Serinyol, Antakya)
- 125. Gendarmerie Training Regiment Command (Safranbolu, Karabük)
- Işıklar Gendarmerie NCO High School (Bursa) ( was established in 1845 as "Mekteb-i Fünun-u İdadi"')
- Gendarmerie Horse and Dog Training Center Command (Nevşehir) (JAKEM)
- Gendarmerie Logistics Command (Güvercinlik, Ankara)
- Gendarmerie Aviation Command (Güvercinlik, Ankara)
- Gendarmerie UAV Command (Elazığ)
- Gendarmerie Special Public Security Command (JÖAK)
- Gendarmerie Special Operations (JÖH)
- Gendarmerie Search and Rescue Battalion Command (JAK)
- Gendarmerie Underwater Search and Rescue Teams (SAK)
- Gendarmerie Public Security Boat Commands (Security and public order services at inland waters are carried out by the Gendarmerie Public Order Boat Commands.)
- Military Police (Askeri İnzibat, AS.İZ)
- Village guards
- Prison Gendarmerie Division Commands (There are garrison stations appointed in every prison)
- The Gendarmerie Band Command
- Provincial Gendarmerie Commands in 81 provinces & in 388 districts.
- The Crime Scene Investigation Teams (CSIT) (Working under the Provincial and District Gendarmerie Commands systematically examine the crime scene by means of technical and scientific methods; properly gather physical evidences; pack and send them to forensic laboratories.)
- Explosive Ordnance Disposal Teams ( which have been established in tourism regions, regions with a concentration of terror incidents and big cities, dispose of explosive ordnances.)
- Crime scene investigation units
- Anti-Smuggling and Organized Crime Department (ASOCD)
- Gendarmerie Traffic Teams
- The Gendarmerie Motorcycled Public Order Teams (Round-the-clock at the highways established by the protocols in the responsibility areas of the Gendarmerie General Command.)
- Gendarmerie Dog Teams
- Gendarmerie Environmental Protection Teams (Environmental Protection Teams have been established in order to protect environment, ecological balance and natural life, to protect living species and areas protected by national legislation and international conventions and to prevent environmental pollution.)
- The Gendarmerie Mounted Units (Used in performing patrolling services at resort areas, forestlands, recreation spots and museums (Topkapı Palace), and in performing preventive law enforcement services.)
Gendarmerie's Ford Transit and a trooper
Traffic gendarmerie's Renault Megane
BTR-80 in the gendarmerie inventory
Logo of Işıklar Gendarmerie NCO High School
The Gendarmerie Museum
The Gendarmerie Museum is established in order to reflect the developments in periodical order beginning with the foundation of the Gendarmerie organization; to exhibit its activities, heroic deeds, services in the history; to protect all kinds of military cultural assets related to the Gendarmerie by collecting them and to transfer them to the future generations. The Gendarmerie Museum in the Beytepe Lieutenant General İsmail SELEN Quarters in Ankara and is open to public.
Assault and battle rifles
- HK G3
- HK G41
- MKEK MPT-76
- Kale KCR-556 New primary rifle of Gendarmerie 43.500 Rifles delivered late 2019
Rocket and grenade launchers
|Armored personnel carriers|
|Sisu Nasu||Finland||Tracked All-Terrain Vehicle||NA-140 BT||47|
|Kirpi||Turkey||MRAP||Kirpi 4x4||200||Based on the Israeli Hatehof Navigator.|
|Cobra||Turkey||MRAP||Cobra I||200||Its suspension / wheel base is based on the American HMMWV which led some to mistakenly claim that Turkey actually uses the HMMWV as one of its utility vehicles.|
|Otokar Akrep||Turkey||MRAP||unknown||Turkish Land Forces as new models enter the equipment slowly giving the old equipment to the gendarmerie.|
|Cadillac Gage Commando||United States||Armored Personnel Carrier||V-150S||124||Lacking a dedicated vehicle for its reconnaissance battalions, Turkey ordered 124 LAV-150 vehicles in 1992 from the Cadillac Corporation.|
|Otokar ZPT||Turkey||Armored Car||250||After the cancellation of Akrep, Otokar started to produce cheaper alternative for the law enforcement agencies and the army. ZPT is based on Shorland S-55.|
|BTR-60||Soviet Union/ Germany||Armored Personnel Carrier||BTR-60PB||323||Bought from ex-GDR stockpile after German unification. All modernized.|
|Condor||Germany||Armored Personnel Carrier||Condor 1||25|
|Dragoon||United States||Armored Personnel Carrier||Dragoon 300||60|
|Concealed Armored D-Max||||Turkey||Armored Car||Pick-Up||x||4+1 passenger capacity|
|UH-60 Black Hawk||United States/ Turkey||Utility helicopter||S-70A||27||Avionics upgraded by ASELSAN.T-70 variant in use. 30 more on order|
|UH-1 Huey||United States/ Turkey||Utility helicopter||AB-205||13||Avionics upgraded by ASELSAN.|
|TAI/AgustaWestland T129 ATAK||Turkey||Attack helicopter||T129||6||12 more on order. Produced by TAI.|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia/ Turkey||Utility helicopter||Mi-17 IVA||18||Avionics upgraded by ASELSAN.|
|Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles|
|TAI Anka||Turkey||UAV||ANKA B||2||Elazig Gendarmerie UAV command|
|Bayraktar Mini UAV||Turkey||UAV||C||unknown|
|NATO code||OF-10||OF-9||OF-8||OF-7||OF-6||OF-5||OF-4||OF-3||OF-2||OF-1||OF(D)||Student officer|
- OF3, OF2, & OR2 translate to "Head of 1000", "Head of 100", and "Head of 10" respectively.
- List of General Commanders of the Gendarmerie of Turkey
- Military equipment of Turkey
- Student officer insignia designates school grade rather than military seniority.
- Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank
- Chief of the Army General Staff. The background color may be different if he is not from air forces or navy. If he has been promoted to Mareşal on duty, he wears OF-10 insignia only.
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