Gorontalo language

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Gorontalo
Bahasa Hulontalo
Native to Indonesia
Region Gorontalo, Sulawesi
Native speakers
1 million (2000 census)[1]
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-2 gor
ISO 639-3 gor
Glottolog goro1259[2]
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The Gorontalo language (also called Hulontalo) is a language spoken in Gorontalo Province (Northern Sulawesi, Indonesia, southern coast) by the Gorontaloan people.[3] Dialects of Gorontalo are East Gorontalo, Gorontalo, Tilamuta, Suwawa, and West Gorontalo.

Phonology

lab alv. pal. vel. glot.
nasal m n ɲ ŋ
plosive p b t d c ɟ k ɡ ʔ
implosive ɓ ɗ
sonorant w l r j h

Consonant sequences include NC (homorganic nasal–plosive), where C may be /b d t d̠ ɟ ɡ k/. Elsewhere, /b d/ are relatively rare and only occur before high vowels. /d̠/, written ⟨ḓ⟩ in the literature, is a laminal post-alveoral coronal stop that is indeterminate as to voicing. The phonemic status of [ʔ] is unclear; if [VʔV] is interpreted as vowel sequences /VV/, then this contrasts with long vowels (where the two V's are the same) and vowel sequences separated by linking glides (where the two V's are different).

Sources

  • Steinhauer, H. (1991). "Problems of Gorontalese phonology." In H. A. Poeze and P. Schoorl (Ed.), Excursies in Celebes: een bundel bijdragen bij het afscheid van J. Noorduyn als directeur-secretaris van het Konninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkendkunde, 325-338. KITLV Uitgeverij.

References

  1. ^ Gorontalo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gorontalo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "The Gorontalo Language". The linguist list. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
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