Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation

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Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation
Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation, back view, Glynn County, GA, US.jpg
Back of the main house
Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation
Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation is located in the United States
Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation
Nearest cityDarien, Georgia
Coordinates31°18′18″N 81°27′13″W / 31.30500°N 81.45366°W / 31.30500; -81.45366Coordinates: 31°18′18″N 81°27′13″W / 31.30500°N 81.45366°W / 31.30500; -81.45366
Area1,500 acres (610 ha)
NRHP reference #76000635[1]
Added to NRHPJuly 12, 1976

The Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation was a plantation on the Altamaha River, in Glynn County, Georgia. It produced rice from 1800 until 1915, when growing rice became unprofitable. Then it was primarily a dairy farm until 1942.

History

The property that would become the Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation was originally named Broadface; in 1806, the land was purchased by William Brailford, who renamed it Broadfield. After he died, the property passed to his son-in-law, Dr. James M. Troup, brother of Governor George Troup. When Troup died in 1849, the plantation was 7,300 acres in size and utilized 357 slaves; the property passed on to his daughter, Ophilia Troup, and her husband, George Dent. The current main house was built in the early 1850s and they added "Hofwyl" to the name about that time.[2]

With the outbreak of the American Civil War, George Dent and his 15-year-old son James went to serve in the Confederate Army. Ophilia and her children moved to a refugee camp near Waycross, Georgia. After the war, large parts of the land was sold to pay taxes and by the time James Dent took over the property in 1880, the wealth was gone.[2]

When James Dent died in 1913 the family was still in debt. His son, James, and his daughters, Miriam and Ophilia Dent, operated the land as a dairy farm until 1942. At its peak as a dairy farm, it had about 35 cows and produced 100-150 bottles of milk per day. When the dairy was shut down in 1942, the property was finally out of debt. The two sisters (the fifth generation of the family to live there) lived at the house until the last survivor, Ophelia, died in 1973. She left the property to the state of Georgia.[2]

Since then, the marsh has reclaimed the rice fields. The plantation site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976 and is operated as a Georga State Historic Site.[2] The Georgia Department of Natural Resources manages 1,268 acres of land and 696 acres of marsh.[3]

Photos

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  2. ^ a b c d Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation - State Historic Site, State of Georgia, 2014
  3. ^ Georgia Encyclopedia
  • Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation - State Historic Site, pamphlet by the state of Georgia

Further reading

External links

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