John Y. Mason

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John Y. Mason
JYMason.jpg
United States Minister to France
In office
January 22, 1854 – October 3, 1859
PresidentFranklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Preceded byWilliam Cabell Rives
Succeeded byCharles J. Faulkner
16th and 18th United States Secretary of the Navy
In office
September 10, 1846 – March 4, 1849
PresidentJames K. Polk
Preceded byGeorge Bancroft
Succeeded byWilliam Ballard Preston
In office
March 26, 1844 – March 4, 1845
PresidentJohn Tyler
Preceded byThomas Walker Gilmer
Succeeded byGeorge Bancroft
18th United States Attorney General
In office
March 5, 1845 – October 16, 1846
PresidentJames K. Polk
Preceded byJohn Nelson
Succeeded byNathan Clifford
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
In office
March 3, 1841 – March 23, 1844
Appointed byMartin Van Buren
Preceded byPeter Vivian Daniel
Succeeded byJames Dandridge Halyburton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1831 – January 11, 1837
Preceded byJames Trezvant
Succeeded byFrancis E. Rives
Personal details
Born
John Young Mason

(1799-04-18)April 18, 1799
Hicksford, Virginia
DiedOctober 3, 1859(1859-10-03) (aged 60)
Paris, France
Resting placeHollywood Cemetery
Richmond, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic
EducationUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (A.B.)
Litchfield Law School
read law

John Young Mason (April 18, 1799 – October 3, 1859) was a United States Representative from Virginia, the 16th and 18th United States Secretary of the Navy, the 18th Attorney General of the United States, United States Minister to France and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.

Education and career

Born on April 18, 1799, in Hicksford (now Emporia), Greensville County, Virginia,[1] Mason received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1816 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, attended Litchfield Law School and read law in 1819.[1] He entered private practice in Greensville County from 1819 to 1821.[1] He continued private practice in Southampton County, Virginia from 1821 to 1831.[1] He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1823 to 1827, and a member of the Senate of Virginia from 1827 to 1831.[1] He was commonwealth's attorney for Greensville County from 1827 to 1831.[1] He was a delegate to the Virginia constitutional conventions of 1829 and 1850.[2]

Congressional service

Mason was elected as a Jacksonian Democrat from Virginia's 2nd congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 22nd, 23rd and 24th United States Congresses and served from March 4, 1831, until his resignation January 11, 1837.[2] He was Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs for the 24th United States Congress.[2] Following his departure from Congress, he resumed private practice in Hicksford from 1837 to 1841.[1]

Electoral history

  • 1831; Mason was elected with 57.88% of the vote, defeating Independent Richard Eppes.[citation needed]
  • 1833; Mason was re-elected unopposed.[citation needed]
  • 1835; Mason was re-elected with 72.13% of the vote, defeating Whig John Urquehart.[citation needed]

Federal judicial service

Mason was nominated by President Martin Van Buren on February 26, 1841, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia vacated by Judge Peter Vivian Daniel.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 2, 1841, and received his commission on March 3, 1841.[1] His service terminated on March 23, 1844, due to his resignation.[1]

Later career

Mason was appointed the 16th United States Secretary of the Navy in the Cabinet of President John Tyler and served from March 14, 1844, to March 10, 1845, and again as the 18th Secretary in the Cabinet of President James K. Polk from September 9, 1846, to March 7, 1849.[2] He was the 18th Attorney General of the United States from March 11, 1845, to September 9, 1846.[2] He resumed the practice of law in Richmond, Virginia from 1849 to 1854.[1] He was appointed United States Minister to France for the United States Department of State and served from January 22, 1854, until his death.[2]

Death

Mason died on October 3, 1859, in Paris, France.[1] His remains were conveyed to the United States and interred in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.[2]

Family

John Y. Mason's Home historical marker

Mason married Mary Ann Fort, the daughter of a prominent land-owner, in 1821 and became a planter himself, as well as continuing as a lawyer. He owned Fortsville located near Grizzard, Sussex County, Virginia.[3]

Honor

USS Mason (DD-191) from 1920 to 1940, and USS Mason (DDG-87) from 2003 to present, were named in honor of Secretary of the Navy John Y. Mason, sharing the honor on DDG-87 with another individual of the same last name.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l John Young Mason at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g United States Congress. "John Y. Mason (id: M000220)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (March 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Fortsville" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-10.

Sources

Further reading

  • Williams, Frances Leigh (1967). "The Heritage and Preparation of a Statesman, John Young Mason, 1799–1859". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 75 (3): 305–330. JSTOR 4247323.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Trezvant
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 2nd congressional district

1831–1837
Succeeded by
Francis E. Rives
Legal offices
Preceded by
Peter Vivian Daniel
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
1841–1844
Succeeded by
James Dandridge Halyburton
Government offices
Preceded by
Thomas Walker Gilmer
16th United States Secretary of the Navy
1844–1845
Succeeded by
George Bancroft
Preceded by
George Bancroft
18th United States Secretary of the Navy
1846–1849
Succeeded by
William Ballard Preston
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Nelson
U.S. Attorney General
Served under: James K. Polk

1845–1846
Succeeded by
Nathan Clifford
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
William Cabell Rives
United States Minister to France
1853–1859
Succeeded by
Charles J. Faulkner
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