Kraj

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A kraj (plural: kraje) is the highest-level administrative unit in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. For lack of other English expressions, the Slavic term is often translated as "province", "region", or "territory", although it approximately means "(part of) country", or "(part of) countryside". A kraj is subdivided into okresy ("counties").

The first kraje were created in the Kingdom of Bohemia during the reign of Charles IV in the 14th century and they lasted till 1862/68. Kraje were reintroduced in 1949 in Czechoslovakia and still exist today (except for the early 1990s) in its successor states despite many rearrangements.

In Russia nine of the 85 federal subjects are called krais (края, kraya), coequal to oblasts. The toponym Krajina refers to several historical regions in Slavic countries.

Kraje in the Czech Republic

Region Czech Name
(kraj)
Capital Population
(2011 census) [1]
Area
(km²)
Population density
(/km²)
GDP
(in million CZK)
GDP per capita
A  Prague Hlavní město Praha Prague 1,272,690 496.10 2,360 637,704 547,096
S  Central Bohemian Středočeský Prague 1,274,633 11,014.97 104 288,888 253,912
C  South Bohemian Jihočeský České Budějovice (Budweis) 637,460 10,056.79 62 150,970 251,106
J  Vysočina Vysočina Jihlava 512,727 6,795.56 75 121,318 234,530
P  Plzeň Plzeňský Plzeň (de:Pilsen) 574,694 7,560.93 73 137,911 216,639
K  Karlovy Vary Karlovarský Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) 310,245 3,314.46 92 65,789 216,639
U  Ústí nad Labem Ústecký Ústí nad Labem 830,371 5,334.52 154 188,041 229,146
L  Liberec Liberecký Liberec 439,262 3,162.93 135 94,451 229,146
H  Hradec Králové Královéhradecký Hradec Králové 555,683 4,758.54 115 133,767 244,549
E  Pardubice Pardubický Pardubice 505,285 4,519 112 116,639 230,880
M  Olomouc Olomoucký Olomouc 639,946 5,266.57 123 134,376 211,467
T  Moravian-Silesian Moravskoslezský Ostrava 1,236,028 5,426.83 227 280,210 222,638
B  South Moravian Jihomoravský Brno 1,169,788 7,194.56 159 285,855 254,684
Z  Zlín Zlínský Zlín 590,459 3,963.55 149 131,789 222,885
CZ  Czech Republic Prague 10,562,214 78,864.92 130 2,767,717 271,161
Note: The letter in the first column is used as a 2nd character on Czech (civilian) license plates.

Symbols of Czech regions

See also

References

  1. ^ "Czech Republic at GeoHive". Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2014.

External links

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