La Brea Woman
La Brea Woman is the name for a human whose remains were found in the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, California. The remains, first discovered in the pits in 1914, were the partial skeleton of a woman. At around 18–25 years of age at death, she has been dated at 10,220–10,250 calendar years BP. These are the only human remains to have ever been discovered at the La Brea Tar Pits.
Researchers estimate that the woman was about 18–25 years old when she died and was a height of about 4 feet, 8–10 inches (1.5 meters). Judging by her dental samples, scientists suggest she ate a diet of stone-ground meal. Her skull was fractured, which researchers infer was caused by a blow to the head, which may have killed her.
The remains consisted of a cranium, mandible, and post-cranial remains, and were recovered from Pit 10 at the Rancho La Brea tar pits.
They used to be on display in the George C. Page Museum, alongside a life-sized model thought to resemble the woman, but the exhibit was removed around 2004. Curator John M. Harris was concerned that this display of historic remains might offend Native Americans or attract unwanted attention to its Native American origins, thereby triggering a demand for their return. According to some researchers, her skull shape indicates that she is ethnically Chumash. However, others claim that this suggestion is "baseless" and that there is not enough information to reliably determine this.
In 2009, California forensic artist Melissa R. Cooper created a facial reconstruction based on her skull. The images resulted in controversy regarding their display in addition to ethical questions about the museum’s reason for keeping La Brea Woman in hiding.
Associated dog remains
Human bones were found associated with remains of a domestic dog, and so were interpreted to have been ceremonially interred. However, in 2016, it was discovered that the dog remains were only 3,000 years old, disproving the idea that it was ceremonially interred with her.
- Merriam, J. C. (August 7, 1914). "Preliminary report on the discovery of human remains in an asphalt deposit at Rancho La Brea". Science. 40 (1023): 197–203. Bibcode:1914Sci....40..198M. doi:10.1126/science.40.1023.198. hdl:2027/uc1.c045791729. JSTOR 1640851. PMID 17800300.
- Fuller, Benjamin T.; Southon, John R.; Fahrni, Simon M.; Harris, John M.; Farrell, Aisling B.; Takeuchi, Gary T.; Nehlich, Olaf; Richards, Michael P.; Guiry, Eric J.; Taylor, R. E. (March 9, 2016). "Tar Trap: No Evidence of Domestic Dog Burial with "La Brea Woman"". PaleoAmerica. 2 (1): 56–59. doi:10.1179/2055557115Y.0000000011.
- "The La Brea Woman". Los Angeles Almanac.
- Technical report for power plant construction: Cultural Resources (PDF) (Report). Sacramento, California: California Energy Commission. December 2000.
- Wilentz, Amy (20 August 2006). "L.A. Woman". Los Angeles Times.
- Cooper, Arnie (May 27, 2010). "Sticky Situation at the Tar Pits". LA Weekly.
- Burbank, Jon (March 1, 1999). "Tar pits still slowly releasing victims". The Japan Times. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Murphy, William S (April 4, 1987). "La Brea Tar Pits Facility Will Celebrate 10th Anniversary". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Ng, David (November 24, 2009). "The skeleton that the Page Museum doesn't want you to see". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Reynolds, R. L. (1985). "Domestic dog associated with human remains at Rancho La Brea". Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences. 84 (2): 76–85.