Osterode (district)

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Osterode
District
Coat of arms of Osterode
Coat of arms
Lower Saxony OHA.svg
Country  Germany
State Lower Saxony
Founded 1885
Disbanded 2016
Capital Osterode
Area
 • Total 636 km2 (246 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2015)[1]
 • Total 73,885
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration OHA

Osterode (German pronunciation: [ɔstəˈʁoːdə]) was a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It was bounded by (from the southwest and clockwise) the districts of Göttingen, Northeim and Goslar, and by the state of Thuringia (districts of Nordhausen and Eichsfeld).

History

This part of the Harz mountains was ruled by the Welfen dynasty from the 12th century on. Osterode was the centre of the Principality of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, one of many small states within Brunswick-Lüneburg. Later this principality became part of Hanover, which in turn fell to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866. In 1885 the Prussian administration established districts, among them Osterode.

On 1 November 2016, Osterode ceased to become a separate district and was merged with an enlarged Göttingen.[2]

Geography

More than two thirds of the district's area were occupied by the southwestern part of the Harz mountains, including the southern portion of the Harz National Park.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms displayed two heraldic lions. The lion in the upper part was from the arms of Hanover, the lower lion represented the Welfen dynasty.

Towns and municipalities

Towns:

  1. Bad Lauterberg
  2. Bad Sachsa
  3. Herzberg am Harz
  4. Osterode am Harz

Municipalities:

  1. Bad Grund

Unincorporated area

Samtgemeinden
  1. Elbingerode
  2. Hattorf am Harz1
  3. Hörden am Harz
  4. Wulften am Harz
  1. Walkenried1
  2. Wieda
  3. Zorge
1seat of the Samtgemeinde

See also

References

External links

Media related to Landkreis Osterode am Harz at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°40′N 10°20′E / 51.67°N 10.33°E / 51.67; 10.33

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