Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

Standards for seniority

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

Vacancies

Current seniority list

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service (if any)[b] Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973   Dean of the House
2 Jim Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979  
3 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981
4 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
5 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
6 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
7 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1 January 3, 1985
8 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
9 John Lewis D Georgia 5  
10 Fred Upton R Michigan 6
11 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
12 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
13 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Chair: Foreign Affairs
14 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Chair: Appropriations
15 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 Chair: Ways and Means
16 José E. Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990  
17 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995
18 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991  
19 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Chair: Agriculture
20 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
21 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
22 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
23 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
24 Ken Calvert R California 42
25 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
26 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
27 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
28 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
29 Peter T. King R New York 2  
30 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
31 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
32 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
33 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
34 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
35 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
36 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
37 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
38 Michael F. Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
39 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
40 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
41 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Ranking Member: Armed Services
42 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
43 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
44 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
45 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
46 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
47 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
48 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
49 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
50 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
51 Brad Sherman D California 30
52 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
53 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
54 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
55 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
56 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009 Ranking Member: Small Business
57 John Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999    
58 Grace Napolitano D California 32
59 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
60 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
61 Mike Thompson D California 5
62 Greg Walden R Oregon 2 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
63 Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001  
64 Susan Davis D California 53
65 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
66 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
67 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
68 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
69 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
70 Stephen Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
71 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
72 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
73 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26  
74 John Carter R Texas 31
75 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
76 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
77 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
78 Steve King R Iowa 4
79 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
80 Mike D. Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
81 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
82 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
83 Linda Sánchez D California 38
84 David Scott D Georgia 13
85 Mike Turner R Ohio 10
86 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
87 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
88 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Ranking Member: Agriculture
89 Jim Costa D California 16  
90 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
91 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
92 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
93 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
94 Al Green D Texas 9
95 Brian Higgins D New York 26
96 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
97 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24
98 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
99 Patrick T. McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
100 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5  
101 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4
102 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
103 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
104 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
105 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
106 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
107 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
108 Yvette D. Clarke D New York 9
109 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
110 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
111 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
112 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
113 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
114 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
115 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
116 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
117 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
118 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
119 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
120 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
121 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
122 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
123 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
124 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
125 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
126 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
127 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
128 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
129 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
130 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
131 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
132 Ben Ray Luján D New Mexico 3 Assistant Speaker
133 Tom McClintock R California 4  
134 Pete Olson R Texas 22
135 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
136 Bill Posey R Florida 8
137 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
138 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5  
139 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15
140 Paul Tonko D New York 20
141 Michael Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
142 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
143 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
144 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
145 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010  
146 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
147 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009
148 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
149 Justin Amash I[c] Michigan 3 January 3, 2011  
150 Karen Bass D California 37
151 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
152 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
153 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
154 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
155 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
156 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
157 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
158 Bill Flores R Texas 17
159 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
160 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
161 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
162 Andrew P. Harris R Maryland 1
163 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
164 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
165 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
166 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
167 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
168 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
169 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
170 Billy Long R Missouri 7
171 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
172 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
173 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
174 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
175 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
176 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
177 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
178 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
179 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
180 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
181 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
182 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3 Ranking Member: Budget
183 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7  
184 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
185 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
186 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
187 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
188 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
189 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
190 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6  
191 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
192 Ami Bera D California 7
193 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5 Ranking Member: Ethics
194 Julia Brownley D California 26  
195 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
196 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
197 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
198 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
199 Doug Collins R Georgia 9 Ranking Member: Judiciary
200 Paul Cook R California 8  
201 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
202 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
203 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
204 Dennis Heck D Washington 10
205 George Holding R North Carolina 2
206 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
207 Jared Huffman D California 2
208 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
209 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
210 Joseph Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
211 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
212 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
213 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
214 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
215 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
216 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
217 Mark Meadows R North Carolina 11
218 Grace Meng D New York 6
219 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
220 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
221 Scott Peters D California 52
222 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
223 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
224 Raul Ruiz D California 36
225 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
226 Eric Swalwell D California 15
227 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
228 Juan Vargas D California 51  
229 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
230 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
231 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
232 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
233 Randy Weber R Texas 14
234 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
235 Roger Williams R Texas 25
236 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
237 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
238 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
239 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
240 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
241 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
242 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
243 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011; 2013–2017
244 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
245 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015  
246 Pete Aguilar D California 31
247 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
248 Brian Babin R Texas 36
249 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
250 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
251 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2
252 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
253 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
254 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
255 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
256 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
257 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
258 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
259 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
260 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
261 French Hill R Arkansas 2
262 Will Hurd R Texas 23
263 John Katko R New York 24
264 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
265 Ted Lieu D California 33
266 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
267 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
268 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
269 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
270 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
271 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
272 John Ratcliffe R Texas 4
273 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
274 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
275 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
276 Norma Torres D California 35
277 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
278 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
279 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
280 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
281 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
282 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
283 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
284 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016
285 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3
286 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
287 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19  
288 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
289 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
290 Nanette Barragan D California 44
291 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
292 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
293 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
294 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
295 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
296 Salud Carbajal D California 24
297 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
298 Lou Correa D California 46
299 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
300 Val Demings D Florida 10
301 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
302 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
303 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
304 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
305 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
306 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
307 Vicente González D Texas 15
308 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
309 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
310 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
311 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
312 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
313 Ro Khanna D California 17
314 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
315 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
316 Al Lawson D Florida 5
317 Roger Marshall R Kansas 1
318 Brian Mast R Florida 18
319 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
320 Paul Mitchell R Michigan 10
321 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
322 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
323 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
324 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
325 Francis Rooney R Florida 19
326 John Rutherford R Florida 4
327 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
328 Darren Soto D Florida 9
329 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
330 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
331 Greg Gianforte R Montana at-large May 25, 2017
332 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
333 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
334 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
335 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
336 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
337 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
338 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
339 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
340 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
341 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
342 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
343 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
344 Colin Allred D Texas 32
345 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
346 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
347 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
348 Anthony Brindisi D New York 22
349 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
350 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
351 Gil Cisneros D California 39
352 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
353 T. J. Cox D California 21
354 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
355 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
356 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
357 Joe Cunningham D South Carolina 1
358 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
359 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
360 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
361 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
362 Abby Finkenauer D Iowa 1
363 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
364 Chuy García D Illinois 4
365 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
366 Jared Golden D Maine 2
367 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
368 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
369 Mark Green R Tennessee 7
370 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
371 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
372 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
373 Josh Harder D California 10
374 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
375 Kendra Horn D Oklahoma 5
376 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
377 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
378 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
379 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
380 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
381 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
382 Mike Levin D California 49
383 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
384 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
385 Ben McAdams D Utah 4
386 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
387 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
388 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
389 Debbie Mucarsel-Powell D Florida 26
390 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
391 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
392 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
393 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
394 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
395 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
396 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
397 Katie Porter D California 45
398 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
399 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
400 Denver Riggleman R Virginia 5
401 John Rose R Tennessee 6
402 Max Rose D New York 11
403 Harley Rouda D California 48
404 Chip Roy R Texas 21
405 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
406 Donna Shalala D Florida 27
407 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
408 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
409 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
410 Ross Spano R Florida 15
411 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
412 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
413 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
414 Greg Steube R Florida 17
415 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
416 Van Taylor R Texas 3
417 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
418 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
419 Xochitl Torres Small D New Mexico 2
420 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
421 David Trone D Maryland 6
422 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
423 Jeff Van Drew R[c] New Jersey 2
424 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
425 Steve Watkins R Kansas 2
426 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
427 Ron Wright R Texas 6
428 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
429 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
430 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ a b A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

References

  1. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership".
  2. ^ "California governor won't call special election for Duncan Hunter's seat". The Hill. January 8, 2020.

External link

The article is a derivative under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A link to the original article can be found here and attribution parties here. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use. Gpedia Ⓡ is a registered trademark of the Cyberajah Pty Ltd.