Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

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This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

Standards for seniority

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

Vacancies

Current seniority list

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service (if any)[b] Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973   Dean of the House
2 Jim Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979  
3 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981
4 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
5 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
6 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
7 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1 January 3, 1985
8 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
9 Fred Upton R Michigan 6  
10 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
11 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
12 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Chair: Foreign Affairs
13 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Chair: Appropriations
14 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 Chair: Ways and Means
15 José E. Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990  
16 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995
17 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991  
18 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Chair: Agriculture
19 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
20 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
21 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
22 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
23 Ken Calvert R California 42
24 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
25 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
26 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
27 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
28 Peter T. King R New York 2  
29 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
30 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
31 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
32 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
33 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
34 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
35 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
36 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
37 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
38 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
39 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
40 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Ranking Member: Armed Services
41 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
42 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
43 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
44 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
45 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
46 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
47 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
48 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
49 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
50 Brad Sherman D California 30
51 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
52 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
53 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
54 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
55 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009 Ranking Member: Small Business
56 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999    
57 Grace Napolitano D California 32
58 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
59 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
60 Mike Thompson D California 5
61 Greg Walden R Oregon 2 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
62 Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001  
63 Susan Davis D California 53
64 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
65 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
66 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
67 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
68 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
69 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
70 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
71 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
72 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26  
73 John Carter R Texas 31
74 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
75 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
76 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
77 Steve King R Iowa 4
78 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
79 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
80 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
81 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
82 Linda Sánchez D California 38
83 David Scott D Georgia 13
84 Mike Turner R Ohio 10
85 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
86 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
87 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Ranking Member: Agriculture
88 Jim Costa D California 16  
89 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
90 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
91 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
92 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
93 Al Green D Texas 9
94 Brian Higgins D New York 26
95 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
96 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24 Ranking Member: Ethics
97 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
98 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
99 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5  
100 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4
101 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
102 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
103 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
104 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
105 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
106 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
107 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
108 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
109 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
110 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
111 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Judiciary
112 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
113 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
114 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
115 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
116 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
117 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
118 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
119 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
120 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
121 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
122 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
123 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
124 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
125 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
126 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
127 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
128 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
129 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
130 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
131 Ben Ray Luján D New Mexico 3 Assistant Speaker
132 Tom McClintock R California 4  
133 Pete Olson R Texas 22
134 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
135 Bill Posey R Florida 8
136 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
137 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5  
138 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15
139 Paul Tonko D New York 20
140 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
141 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
142 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
143 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
144 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010  
145 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
146 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009
147 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
148 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020 1987–1996
149 Justin Amash L[c] Michigan 3 January 3, 2011  
150 Karen Bass D California 37
151 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
152 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
153 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
154 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
155 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
156 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
157 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
158 Bill Flores R Texas 17
159 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
160 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
161 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
162 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
163 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
164 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
165 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
166 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
167 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
168 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
169 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
170 Billy Long R Missouri 7
171 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
172 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
173 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
174 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
175 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
176 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
177 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
178 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
179 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
180 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
181 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
182 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3 Ranking Member: Budget
183 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7  
184 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
185 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
186 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
187 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
188 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
189 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
190 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6  
191 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
192 Ami Bera D California 7
193 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5
194 Julia Brownley D California 26
195 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
196 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
197 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
198 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
199 Doug Collins R Georgia 9
200 Paul Cook R California 8
201 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
202 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
203 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
204 Denny Heck D Washington 10
205 George Holding R North Carolina 2
206 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
207 Jared Huffman D California 2
208 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
209 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
210 Joe Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
211 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
212 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
213 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
214 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
215 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
216 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
217 Grace Meng D New York 6
218 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
219 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
220 Scott Peters D California 52
221 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
222 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
223 Raul Ruiz D California 36
224 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
225 Eric Swalwell D California 15
226 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
227 Juan Vargas D California 51  
228 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
229 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
230 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
231 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
232 Randy Weber R Texas 14
233 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
234 Roger Williams R Texas 25
235 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
236 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
237 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
238 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
239 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
240 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
241 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
242 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011; 2013–2017
243 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
244 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015  
245 Pete Aguilar D California 31
246 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
247 Brian Babin R Texas 36
248 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
249 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
250 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2
251 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
252 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
253 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
254 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
255 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
256 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
257 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
258 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
259 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
260 French Hill R Arkansas 2
261 Will Hurd R Texas 23
262 John Katko R New York 24
263 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
264 Ted Lieu D California 33
265 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
266 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
267 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
268 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
269 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
270 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
271 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
272 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
273 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
274 Norma Torres D California 35
275 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
276 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
277 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
278 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
279 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
280 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
281 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
282 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
283 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
284 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
285 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19  
286 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
287 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
288 Nanette Barragan D California 44
289 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
290 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
291 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
292 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
293 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
294 Salud Carbajal D California 24
295 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
296 Lou Correa D California 46
297 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
298 Val Demings D Florida 10
299 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
300 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
301 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
302 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
303 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
304 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
305 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 15
306 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
307 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
308 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
309 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
310 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
311 Ro Khanna D California 17
312 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
313 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
314 Al Lawson D Florida 5
315 Roger Marshall R Kansas 1
316 Brian Mast R Florida 18
317 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
318 Paul Mitchell R Michigan 10
319 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
320 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
321 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
322 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
323 Francis Rooney R Florida 19
324 John Rutherford R Florida 4
325 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
326 Darren Soto D Florida 9
327 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
328 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
329 Greg Gianforte R Montana at-large May 25, 2017
330 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
331 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
332 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
333 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
334 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
335 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
336 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
337 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
338 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
339 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
340 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
341 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
342 Colin Allred D Texas 32
343 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
344 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
345 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
346 Anthony Brindisi D New York 22
347 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
348 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
349 Gil Cisneros D California 39
350 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
351 T. J. Cox D California 21
352 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
353 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
354 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
355 Joe Cunningham D South Carolina 1
356 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
357 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
358 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
359 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
360 Abby Finkenauer D Iowa 1
361 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
362 Chuy García D Illinois 4
363 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
364 Jared Golden D Maine 2
365 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
366 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
367 Mark Green R Tennessee 7
368 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
369 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
370 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
371 Josh Harder D California 10
372 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
373 Kendra Horn D Oklahoma 5
374 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
375 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
376 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
377 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
378 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
379 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
380 Mike Levin D California 49
381 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
382 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
383 Ben McAdams D Utah 4
384 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
385 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
386 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
387 Debbie Mucarsel-Powell D Florida 26
388 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
389 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
390 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
391 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
392 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
393 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
394 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
395 Katie Porter D California 45
396 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
397 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
398 Denver Riggleman R Virginia 5
399 John Rose R Tennessee 6
400 Max Rose D New York 11
401 Harley Rouda D California 48
402 Chip Roy R Texas 21
403 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
404 Donna Shalala D Florida 27
405 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
406 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
407 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
408 Ross Spano R Florida 15
409 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
410 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
411 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
412 Greg Steube R Florida 17
413 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
414 Van Taylor R Texas 3
415 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
416 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
417 Xochitl Torres Small D New Mexico 2
418 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
419 David Trone D Maryland 6
420 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
421 Jeff Van Drew R[c] New Jersey 2
422 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
423 Steve Watkins R Kansas 2
424 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
425 Ron Wright R Texas 6
426 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
427 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
428 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
429 Mike Garcia R California 25 May 12, 2020
430 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
431 Chris Jacobs R New York 27 June 23, 2020
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(Previous service, if any)
Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ a b A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

References

  1. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.
  2. ^ Zanona, Melanie. "Rep. Duncan Hunter resigns from Congress". Politico.
  3. ^ "Ex-California Rep. Duncan Hunter Gets 11 Months In Prison". KPBS Public Media. Associated Press. 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  4. ^ Rebecca Klar (January 8, 2020). "California governor won't call special election for Duncan Hunter's seat". The Hill.
  5. ^ Zeke Miller (March 30, 2020). "Meadows resigns House seat, starts at White House on Tuesday". ABC News. Associated Press.
  6. ^ "Senate confirms U.S. Rep. John Ratcliffe as director of national intelligence". Longview News-Journal. May 22, 2020.

External link

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