List of members of the United States Congress from multiple states

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Throughout the History of the United States Congress, some members were elected as either Representatives and/or as Senators from more than one U.S. state at different times in their career.

Multiple states in the House

Name State / District Start End Party
Daniel Hiester  Pennsylvania (at-large/5th districts) 1789 1796 Democratic-Republican
 Maryland (4th district) 1801 1804
Daniel Webster  New Hampshire (at-large) 1813 1817 Federalist
 Massachusetts (1st district) 1823 1825
1825 1827 National Republican
Enoch Lincoln  Massachusetts (20th district) 1818 1821 Democratic-Republican
 Maine (7th/5th districts) 1821 1826
Joshua Cushman  Massachusetts (19th district) 1819 1821 Democratic-Republican
 Maine (6th/4th districts) 1821 1825
Mark Hill  Massachusetts (16th district) 1819 1821 Democratic-Republican
 Maine (3rd district) 1821 1823
William Brown  Virginia (15th district) 1845 1849 Democratic
 Virginia (10th district) 1861 1863 Unionist
 West Virginia (2nd district) 1863 1865
Charles Faulkner  Virginia (10th/8th districts) 1851 1859 Democratic
 West Virginia (2nd district) 1875 1877
Samuel Cox  Ohio (12th/7th districts) 1857 1865 Democratic
 New York (6th district) 1869 1873
 New York (6th/8th districts) 1873 1885
 New York (9th district) 1886 1889
Francis Kellogg  Michigan (3rd/4th districts) 1859 1865 Republican
 Alabama (1st district) 1868 1869
Jacob B. Blair  Virginia (11th district) 1861 1863 Unionist
 West Virginia (1st district) 1863 1865
Charles A. Towne  Minnesota (6th district) 1895 1897 Republican
 New York (14th district) 1905 1907 Democratic
Robert P. Hill  Illinois (25th district) 1913 1915 Democratic
 Oklahoma (5th district) 1937 1937
Ed Foreman  Texas (16th district) 1963 1965 Republican
 New Mexico (2nd district) 1969 1971

Multiple states in the Senate

Only two Senators have represented more than one state.[1]

  • James Shields uniquely served terms in the US Senate for three states; representing Illinois (1849–55), Minnesota (1858–59), and 20 years later he was appointed by the State of Missouri for a term expiring in just six weeks (1879). He was also a Union General in the American Civil War. He was a Democrat.[2]
  • Waitman Thomas Willey was a Restored Government of Virginia Senator (1861–1863) who helped create West Virginia. He was then appointed as one of the new state's first two Senators (1863–1871). He was a Republican.[1]

One state in the House, another in the Senate

Name Offices Start End Party
John Brown Virginia Representative from Virginia (2nd district) 1789 1792 Democratic-Republican
Kentucky Senator from Kentucky 1792 1805
Robert Harper South Carolina Representative from South Carolina (5th district) 1795 1801 Federalist
Maryland Senator from Maryland 1816 1816
William Claiborne Tennessee Representative from Tennessee (at-large) 1797 1801 Democratic-Republican
Louisiana Senator from Louisiana 1817 1817
David Holmes Virginia Representative from Virginia (2nd/4th districts) 1797 1809 Democratic-Republican
Mississippi Senator from Mississippi 1820 1825
John Chandler Massachusetts Representative from Massachusetts (17th district) 1805 1809 Democratic-Republican
Maine Senator from Maine 1820 1829
William R. King North Carolina Representative from North Carolina (5th district) 1811 1816 Democratic-Republican
Alabama Senator from Alabama 1819 1844
1848 1852
Daniel Webster New Hampshire Representative from New Hampshire (at-large) 1813 1817 Federalist
Massachusetts Senator from Massachusetts 1827 1833 National Republican
1833 1841 Whig
1845 1850
John Holmes Massachusetts Representative from Massachusetts (14th district) 1817 1820 Democratic-Republican
Maine Senator from Maine 1820 1827
1829 1833 National Republican
Sam Houston Tennessee Representative from Tennessee (7th) 1823 1827 Democratic-Republican
Texas Senator from Texas 1846 1859 Democratic
William Gwin Mississippi Representative from Mississippi (at-large) 1841 1843 Democratic
California Senator from California 1850 1855
1857 1861
Edward Baker Illinois Representative from Illinois (7th district) 1845 1847 Whig
Illinois Representative from Illinois (6th district) 1849 1851
Oregon Senator from Oregon 1860 1861 Republican
James Lane Indiana Representative from Indiana (4th district) 1853 1855 Republican
Kansas Senator from Kansas 1861 1866
J. Hamilton Lewis Washington (state) Representative from Washington (at-large district) 1897 1899 Democratic
Illinois Senator from Illinois 1913 1919
1933 1939
Charles A. Towne Minnesota Senator from Minnesota 1900 1901 Democratic
New York (state) Representative from New York (14th district) 1905 1907

Territories and states


  1. ^ a b "Scott Brown won his primary. Now he wants to be the first multi-state senator in 135 years".
  2. ^ "U.S. Senate: Senator for Three States".
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