List of wars involving the United States

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This is a list of wars involving the United States of America.[1]

18th-century wars

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783)

Location: Eastern North America, Gibraltar, India, Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic
The Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776
 United States
Kingdom of France France

Spain Spain

Iroquois

Watauga Association
Catawba
Lenape
Choctaw


 Dutch Republic


 Mysore

 Great Britain
Loyalists
Holy Roman Empire German Auxiliaries

Iroquois

Cherokee

US-allied victory
Cherokee–American wars
(1776–1795)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Old Southwest
Abduction of Daniel Boone's daughter by the Cherokee
 United States
Choctaw
Cherokee US-allied victory
Northwest Indian War
(1785–1793)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Northwest Territory
 United States
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Western Confederacy Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain US-allied victory
Shays' Rebellion
(1786–1787)

Location: Massachusetts
Shays' troops are repulsed from the armory at Springfield, Massachusetts in early 1787.
 United States Anti-government protesters US victory
Whiskey Rebellion
(1791–1794)

Location: Western Pennsylvania
George Washington reviews troops before their march to suppress the rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
 United States Frontier tax protesters US victory
Quasi-War
(1798–1800)

Location: Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean
 United States

Co-belligerent:
 Great Britain

France France Convention of 1800
  • Peaceful cessation of Franco-American alliance
  • End of French privateer attacks on American shipping
  • American neutrality and renunciation of claims by France
Fries Rebellion
(1799–1800)

Location: Pennsylvania
 United States tax protesters US victory

19th-century wars

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
First Barbary War
(1801–1805)

Part of the Barbary Wars

Location: Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tripoli
Lieutenant Presley O'Bannon at Derna, April 1805
 United States[2]
 Sweden[2]
 Sicily[2]

 Malta[2]

 Portugal[2]

 Morocco[2]

border=no Eyalet of Tripolitania[3]
Morocco Morocco[3]

Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg Regency of Algiers[3]

 Tunis[3]

US-allied victory
1811 German Coast Uprising
(1811)

Location: Territory of Orleans
Revolting slaves marching on Orleans
 United States Rebel slaves

Supported by:
Flag of Haiti (civil).svg Haiti

US victory
Tecumseh's War
(1811)

Part of the American Indian Wars and the War of 1812

Location: Northwest River Ohio
 United States Tecumseh's Confederacy
US victory
War of 1812
(1812–1815)

Location: Eastern and Central North America
General Andrew Jackson stands on the parapet of his makeshift defenses as his troops repulse attacking Highlanders, by painter Edward Percy Moran in 1910.
 United States
Choctaw Nation
Cherokee Nation
Creek Allies
 United Kingdom

Tecumseh's Confederacy

Spain Spain (1814)
Inconclusive/Other Result
Creek War
(1813–1814)

Part of the American Indian Wars and the War of 1812

Location: Southern United States
 United States
Lower Creeks
Cherokee Nation
Choctaw Nation
Red Stick Creek US-allied victory
Second Barbary War
(1815)

Part of the Barbary Wars

Location: Mediterranean Sea and the Barbary States
Decatur's squadron off Algiers
 United States border=no Eyalet of Tripolitania

Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg Regency of Algiers

 Tunis

US victory
First Seminole War
(1817–1818)

Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Pensacola, Spanish Florida
Barracks and tents at Fort Brooke near Tampa Bay
 United States Seminole

Spain Spanish Florida

US victory
Texas–Indian Wars
(1820–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars and the Mexican Indian Wars

Location: Texas
A Kiowa ledger drawing depicting a battle between Southern Plains Indians and the U.S. Army during the Red River War
 Spain

 Mexico


 Republic of Texas
 United States
Choctaw Nation

Comanche US-allied victory
Arikara War
(1823)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Missouri River
An Arikara warrior
 United States Arikara Inconclusive/Other Result
  • White Peace treaty agreed by US Col Leavenworth[4]
Aegean Sea Anti-Piracy Operations of the United States
(1825–1828)

Part of Piracy in the Mediterranean

Location: Offshore Greece, Aegean Sea
Greek pirate boats attacking HMS Comet
 United States First Hellenic Republic Greek Pirates US victory
  • HMS Comet liberated by American forces
  • Message of thanks issued to Louis Goldsborough from the British government
Winnebago War
(1827)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory
 United States
Choctaw Nation
Prairie La Crosse Ho-Chunks
with a few allies
US-allied victory
  • Ho-Chunks cede lead mining region to the United States
First Sumatran expedition
(1832)

Part of the Sumatran expeditions

Location: Aceh Sultanate
U.S. infantry assaulting the Acehnese forts at Kuala Batu in 1832
 United States
 Netherlands
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee US-allied victory
Black Hawk War
(1832)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory
Native women and children fleeing the Battle of Bad Axe
 United States
Ho-Chunk
Menominee
Dakota
Potawatomi
Black Hawks British Band
Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi allies
US-allied victory
Texas Revolution
(1835–1836)

Location: Texas
Fall of the Alamo
 Republic of Texas

 United States

  • Out of the Texian soldiers serving from January through March 1836, 78% had arrived from the United States after October 2, 1835.[Note 1][5]

Mexican Republic Texian victory
  • The Republic of Texas gains its independence.
  • Texas is annexed into the United States in 1845.
Second Seminole War
(1835–1842)

Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Florida, United States
U.S. Marines search for Seminoles in the Everglades
 United States Seminole US victory
Second Sumatran expedition
(1838)

Part of the Sumatran expeditions

Location: Aceh Sultanate
Bombardment of Muckie, January 1, 1839
 United States
 Netherlands
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee US-allied victory
  • Malays cease attacks on American vessels
Aroostook War
(1838)

Location: Maine and New Brunswick
 United States  United Kingdom Inconclusive/Other Result
Ivory Coast expedition
(1842)

Part of the African Slave Trade Patrol

Location: Ivory Coast
Veterans of the expedition on board Saratoga in 1842
 United States Ivory Coast Ivory Coast US victory
Mexican–American War
(1846–1848)

Location: Texas, New Mexico, California and Mexico
2nd Dragoons charge the enemy at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, 1846
 United States
California Republic
 Mexico US-allied victory
Cayuse War
(1847–1855)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oregon
The Whitman Massacre.
 United States Cayuse US victory
  • Cayuse reduced in numbers and forced to cede most of their lands
Apache Wars
(1851–1900)

Part of the Texas–Indian wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Southwestern United States
U.S. Cavalry dash for cover while fighting Apaches, by F. Remington
 United States Apache
Ute
Yavapai
US victory
Bleeding Kansas
(1854–1861)

Location: Kansas and Missouri

Anti-slavery settlers
(Free-Staters)
Pro-slavery settlers (Border Ruffians) Free-Stater victory.
  • Kansas admitted as a free state on January 29, 1861.
Puget Sound War
(1855–1856)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Washington
 United States
Snoqualmie
Nisqually
Muckleshoot
Puyallup
Klickitat
Haida
Tlingit
US victory
First Fiji expedition
(1855)

Part of the Fiji expeditions

Location: Fiji
 United States Fiji US victory
Rogue River Wars
(1855–1856)

Location: Rogue Valley
 United States Rogue River people US victory
  • Indians relocated to Siletz, Grand Ronde and Coast Reservations
Third Seminole War
(1855–1858)

Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Pensacola, Florida
 United States Seminole US victory
  • By late 1850s, most Seminoles forced to leave their land; a few hundred remain deep in the Everglades on land unwanted by white settlers
Yakima War
(1855–1858)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Washington Territory
Seattleites evacuate to the town blockhouse as USS Decatur opens fire on advancing tribal forces.
 United States
Snoqualmie
Yakama
Walla Walla tribe
Umatilla tribe
Nez Perce tribe
Cayuse tribe
US victory
Second Opium War
(1856–1859)

Part of the Opium Wars

Location: China
Palikao's bridge, on the evening of the battle, by Émile Bayard
United Kingdom British Empire
France French Empire
 United States
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Qing dynasty US victory
Utah War
(1857–1858)

Part of the Mormon wars

Location: Utah Territory and Wyoming
 United States Deseret/Utah Mormons (Nauvoo Legion) Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Resolution through negotiation
  • Brigham Young replaced as governor of the territory
  • Full amnesty for charges of sedition and treason issued to the citizens of Utah Territory by President James Buchanan on the condition that they accept American Federal authority
Navajo Wars
(1858–1866)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: New Mexico
 United States Navajo Nation US victory
Second Fiji expedition
(1859)

Part of the Fiji expeditions]

Location: Fiji
 United States Fiji US victory
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
(1859)

Part of pre-Civil War conflicts

Location: West Virginia
Harper's Weekly illustration of U.S. Marines attacking John Brown's "Fort" Teresa Baine
 United States Abolitionist Insurgents US victory
First and Second Cortina War
(1859–1861)

Location: Texas and Mexico
United States United States

Confederate States of America Confederate States


 Mexico

Mexico Cortinista bandits US-allied victory
Paiute War
(1860)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Pyramid Lake, Nevada
 United States Paiute
Shoshone
Bannock
US victory
American Civil War
(1861–1865)

Location: Southern United States, Northeastern United States, Western United States, Atlantic Ocean
The Battle of Antietam, by Kurz & Allison.
 United States  Confederate States
Cherokee Nation
Choctaw Nation
US victory
Yavapai Wars
(1861–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Arizona
 United States Yavapai
Apache
Yuma
Mohave
US victory
Dakota War of 1862
(1862)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Minnesota and Dakota
The Siege of New Ulm, Minnesota on August 19, 1862
 United States Dakota Sioux US victory
Colorado War
(1863–1865)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska
 United States Cheyenne
Arapaho
Sioux
Inconclusive/Other Result
Shimonoseki War
(1863–1864)

Location: Kanmon Straits
Capture of a Choshu battery at Shimonoseki by British sailors and marines.
 British Empire
 Dutch Empire
France French Empire
 United States
border=no Chōshū Domain US-allied victory
  • Chōshū pays an indemnity of $3,000,000
Snake War
(1864–1868)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Locations: Oregon, Nevada, California, and Idaho
 United States Paiute
Bannock
Shoshone
US victory
Powder River War
(1865)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Powder River State
 United States Sioux
Cheyenne
Arapaho
Inconclusive/Other Result
Red Cloud's War
(1866–1868)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Powder River State
The Fetterman Massacre
 United States Lakota
Cheyenne
Arapaho
Lakota-allied victory
Formosa expedition
(1867)

Location: Southern Formosa (Taiwan)
US Marines and Sailors attack Formosan pirates.
 United States Paiwan Paiwan victory
  • American withdrawal after Marine commander killed, subsequent Formosan retreat[6]
Comanche Campaign
(1867–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Western United States
Battle of Beecher Island. One soldier and three horses have fallen, while others continue to wage the battle.
 United States Cheyenne
Arapaho
Comanche
Kiowa
US victory
Korea expedition
(1871)

Location: Ganghwado
American forces after capturing the Deokjin Fort during the Battle of Ganghwa in 1871.
 United States Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Inconclusive/Other Result
Modoc War
(1872–1873)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: California and Oregon
Engraving of soldiers recovering the bodies of the slain May 3, 1873.
 United States Modoc US victory
Red River War
(1874–1875)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Texas
 United States Cheyenne
Arapaho
Comanche
Kiowa
US victory
  • End to the Texas-Indian Wars
Las Cuevas War
(1875)

Location: Texas and Mexico
Texan soldiers.
 United States Mexican bandits US victory
  • Cattle returned to Texas
Great Sioux War of 1876
(1876–1877)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Montana, Dakota and Wyoming
Custer's last stand at Little Bighorn.
 United States Lakota
Dakota Sioux
Northern Cheyenne
Arapaho
US victory
  • Legal control of Powder River Country ceded to the United States
Buffalo Hunters' War
(1876–1877)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Texas and Oklahoma
 United States Comanche
Apache
US victory
Nez Perce War
(1877)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana
Chief Joseph's band in the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain
 United States Nez Perce
Palouse
US victory
Bannock War
(1878)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Idaho, Oregon, and Wyoming
 United States Bannock
Shoshone
Paiute
US victory
Cheyenne War
(1878–1879)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and Montana
Aftermath of the Battle of "The Pit."
 United States Cheyenne US victory
Sheepeater Indian War
(1879)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Idaho
 United States Shoshone US victory
Victorio's War
(1879–1881)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Mexico
 United States
 Mexico
Apache US-allied victory
White River War
(1879–1880)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Colorado
 United States Ute US victory
Pine Ridge Campaign
(1890–1891)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: South Dakota
Mass grave for the dead Lakota after the conflict at Wounded Knee Creek.
 United States Sioux US victory
Garza Revolution
(1891–1893)

Location: Texas and Mexico
3rd Cavalry Troopers searching a suspected Revolutionist, 1892
 Mexico
 United States
Garzistas US-allied victory
Yaqui Wars
(1896–1918)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Arizona and Mexico
10th Cavalry soldiers holding Yaqui prisoners at their camp in Bear Valley, January 9, 1918.
 United States
 Mexico
Flag of the Yaqui tribe.png Yaqui
Pima
Opata
US-allied victory
Second Samoan Civil War
(1898–1899)

Location: Samoa
Samoan warriors and American servicemen during the Siege of Apia in March 1899.
Samoa
 United States
Mataafans
 Germany
Inconclusive/Other Result
Spanish–American War
(1898)

Location: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines and Guam
Teddy Roosevelt and the "Rough Riders" charge Spanish positions during the Battle of San Juan Hill.
 United States
Cuban Revolutionaries
Filipino Revolutionaries
Spain Spain US-allied victory
Philippine–American War
(1899–1902)

Location: Philippines
Kurz & Allison print of the Battle of Quingua.
1899-1902
 United States

1902-1906
 United States

1899-1902
 Philippine Republic

Limited Foreign Support:
 Empire of Japan


1902-1906
Flag of the Katagalugan Republic.svg Tagalog Republic

US victory
Moro Rebellion
(1899–1913)

Location: Philippines
The 8th Infantry Regiment defeat the Moros in the four-day battle of Bagsak Mountain on Jolo Island in the Philippines.
 United States Moro
Remnants of the Sulu Sultanate
US victory
Boxer Rebellion
(1899–1901)

Location: China
Corporal Titus, of the 14th Infantry Regiment, scaling the walls of Peking.
British Empire United Kingdom
 Russia
 Japan
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Italy
 Austria-Hungary
Righteous Harmony Society (Boxers)
 China
US-allied victory
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing

20th-century wars

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
Crazy Snake Rebellion
(1909)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oklahoma
Creek prisoners of war.
 United States Creek US victory
Border War
(1910–1919)

Part of the Mexican Revolution

Location: Mexico–United States border
American troops of the 16th Infantry Regiment rest for the night on May 27, 1916
 United States  Mexico
 Germany
US victory
Negro Rebellion
(1912)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Cuba
USS Mississippi in Cuba
Cuba Cuba
 United States
Cuba Cuban PIC US-allied victory
  • Dissolution of the PIC
Occupation of Nicaragua
(1912–1933)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Nicaragua
US Marines holding a captured Sandinista flag.
 United States
 Nicaragua
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaraguan Liberals
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Sandinistas
US-allied victory
  • Nicaragua occupied until 1933
Bluff War
(1914–1915)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Utah and Colorado
Prisoners of the Bluff War in Thompson, Utah, waiting to board a train for their trial in Salt Lake City.
 United States Ute
Paiute
US victory
Occupation of Veracruz
(1914)

Part of the Mexican Revolution

Location: Mexico
American ships at Veracruz
 United States  Mexico US victory
Occupation of Haiti
(1915–1934)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Haiti
2nd Marine Regiment in Haiti
 United States
 Haiti
Haiti Haitian Rebels US-allied victory
Occupation of the Dominican Republic
(1916–1924)

Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Dominican Republic
US Marines in the Occupation of the Dominican Republic.
 United States  Dominican Republic US victory
World War I
(1914–1918)

Location: Europe, Africa, Asia, Middle East, the Pacific Islands, and coast of North and South America
Two US troops pass by dead German soldiers on a battlefield.
 France

United Kingdom British Empire

 Russia
 United States
Republic of China (1912–1949) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Serbia
 Montenegro
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil

 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria
US-allied victory
Russian Civil War
(1918–1920)

Location: Russia, Mongolia, and Iran
US troops march through Russia before the Battle of Romanovka.
Russia White Movement
United Kingdom British Empire

 Japan
 Czechoslovakia
 Greece
 Poland
 United States
France France
 Romania
 Serbia
 Italy
Republic of China (1912–1949) China

 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Latvian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
Commune of Estonia
Mongolian Communists
Bolshevik victory
  • Allied withdrawal from Russia
  • Bolshevik victory over White Army
Last Indian Uprising
(1923)

Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Utah
Ute and Paiute prisoners of war.
 United States Ute
Paiute
US victory
World War II
(1939–1945)

Location: Europe, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Middle East, Mediterranean, North Africa, Oceania, North and South America
U.S. Army Soldiers advancing at dawn in the cover of a M4 Sherman tank, during the Battle of Bougainville, 1944.
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
 DF Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Chile
 Peru
 Ethiopia
 Mongolia
 Philippines
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Korea KLA
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Croatia
 Slovakia
 Albania
US-allied victory
Korean War
(1950–1953)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Korea
American soldiers in the Korean War with the Browning M1919A6 LMG.
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Belgium
 Canada
 France
 Philippines
 Colombia
 Ethiopia
 Greece
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 Thailand
 Turkey
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Korean Armistice Agreement
  • North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
  • Subsequent United Nations invasion of North Korea repelled
  • Subsequent Chinese-North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
Laotian Civil War
(1953–1975)

Part of the Indochina Wars and Cold War

Location: Laos
A U.S. Air Force Bell UH-1P from the 20th Special Operations Squadron "Green Hornets" at a base in Laos, 1970.
 Kingdom of Laos
 United States
 South Vietnam
 Thailand
Supported by:
Philippines
 Taiwan
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Vietnam
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 China
Pathet Lao-allied victory
Lebanon Crisis
(1958)

Location: Lebanon
US Marine sits in a foxhole and points his machine gun toward Beirut.
 Lebanon
 United States
Lebanon Lebanese Opposition: US-allied victory
Bay of Pigs Invasion
(1961)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Cuba
Cuba CDRF
 United States
 Cuba Cuban government victory
Simba rebellion, Operation Dragon Rouge
(1964)

Part of the Congo Crisis and the Cold War

Location: Congo
Congo-Léopoldville
 Belgium
 United States
Simba rebels
 Uganda[8]
US-allied victory
Vietnam War
(1955–1964[a], 1965–1973[b], 1974–1975[c])

Part of the Cold War and Indochina Wars

Location: Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos
1st Cavalry Division, Battle of Ia Drang, 1965.
 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Thailand
 Philippines
Cambodia Khmer Republic
border=no Kingdom of Laos
 North Vietnam
Viet Cong Viet Cong
border=no Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 China
 North Korea
 Soviet Union
North Vietnamese-allied victory
Communist insurgency in Thailand
(1965–1983)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Thailand
Ta Ko Bi Cave, a former hideout used by communist rebels.
 Thailand
 Taiwan (until July 1967)
 United States
 Malaysia
Communist Party of Thailand

Pathet Lao
Khmer Rouge (until 1978)[9][10]
Supported by:
 North Vietnam (until 1976)
 Vietnam (from 1976)
 People Republic of China (1971–1978)
Malayan Communist Party
 North Korea[10]

US-allied victory
  • Amnesty declared on April 23, 1980 by the Thai government
  • Order 66/2523 signed by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda
  • Communist insurgency declines and ends in 1983
Korean DMZ Conflict
(1966–1969)

Part of the Korean conflict and the Cold War

Location: Korean Demilitarized Zone
ROK and US troop stationed at the DMZ, 1967.
 South Korea
 United States
 North Korea US-allied victory
  • North Korean failure to launch an insurgency in South Korea
Dominican Civil War
(1965–1966)

Location: Dominican Republic
US soldiers push a child underneath a Jeep to protect him during a firefight in Santo Domingo on May 5, 1965.
 Dominican Loyalists
 United States
IAPF
 Dominican Constitutionalists US-allied victory
Insurgency in Bolivia
(1966–1967)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Bolivia
 Bolivia
 United States
Ejército de Liberación Nacional
 Cuba
US-allied victory
Cambodian Civil War
(1967–1975)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Cambodia
US troops and tanks entering town in Cambodia.
Kingdom of Cambodia (1967–1970)
Khmer Republic (1970–1975)
 United States
 South Vietnam

Other Supports

National United Front of Kampuchea

Khmer Rouge
Khmer Rumdo
Khmer Việt Minh
 North Vietnam
Việt Cộng

Other Supports

Khmer Rouge-allied victory
War in South Zaire
(1978)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Zaire
 Zaire
 France
 Belgium
 United States
 Morocco
State of Katanga Front for the National Liberation of the Congo
Supported by:

Angola Angola
 Cuba
 Soviet Union

US-allied victory
  • Thousands of civilians evacuated from Kolwezi
Gulf of Sidra encounter
(1981)

Location: Gulf of Sidra
 United States  Libya US victory
Multinational Intervention in Lebanon
(1982–1984)

Location: Lebanon
US Marines on patrol in Beirut, April 1983
Lebanese Armed Forces
UNIFIL
Multinational Force in Lebanon:
 Israel

Lebanese Front
Army of Free Lebanon
SLA

Lebanese National Movement
Jammoul
PLO
Amal Movement

 Iran

Hezbollah
Islamic Jihad Organization


Islamic Unification Movement


 Syria

Arab Deterrent Force
Syrian-allied victory
Invasion of Grenada
(1983)

Part of the Cold War

Location: Grenada
American soldiers in mortar positions in Grenada.
 United States
 Barbados
 Jamaica
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Dominica
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Grenada PRG of Grenada
 Cuba
Military advisors:
US-allied victory
  • Military dictatorship of Hudson Austin deposed
  • Defeat of Cuban military presence
  • Restoration of constitutional government
Action in the Gulf of Sidra
(1986)

Location: Gulf of Sidra
Libyan corvette obliterated after attempting to fire on US forces
 United States Libya Libya US victory
Bombing of Libya
(1986)

Location: Libya
USAF F-111 taking off for Libya
 United States Libya Libya US victory
  • Failed Libyan Scud missile response
  • Muammar Gaddafi survives
Tanker War
(1987–1988)

Location: Persian Gulf
Iranian frigate Sahand after being attacked by U.S. aircraft.
United States United States Iran Iran US victory
  • U.S. Navy sinks several ships and damages Iranian military installations used to attack U.S. and U.S. allied civilian shipping
  • U.S. Navy vessel USS Vincennes shoots down civilian Iran Air Flight 655 killing all 290 passengers, among them 66 children
  • Iran-Iraq war ends in August 1988 following UN enforcement of the ceasefire
Tobruk encounter
(1989)

Location: Mediterranean Sea
Gun camera depicting the last remaining MiG-23 fighters exploding after being shot down.
 United States  Libya US victory
  • Two Libyan MiG-23 fighters shot down
Invasion of Panama
(1989–1990)

Location: Panama
U.S. troops prepare to take a neighborhood in Panama City, December 1989.
 United States
 Panamanian Opposition
 Panama US-allied victory
Gulf War
(1990–1991)

Location: Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Israel
M1 Abrams tanks of the 3rd Armored Division advance on Medina Ridge.
 Kuwait
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Qatar
 Bahrain
 United Arab Emirates
 Oman
 Bangladesh
Iraq US-allied victory
Iraqi No-Fly Zone Enforcement Operations
(1991–2003)

Location: Iraq
A Tomahawk cruise missile is fired from an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer during Operation Desert Fox in December 1998.
 United States
 United Kingdom
 France
 Australia
 Belgium
 Netherlands
 Saudi Arabia
 Turkey
 Italy
Iraq US-allied victory
  • Periodic depletion of Iraqi air defenses
First U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(1992–1995)

Part of the Somali civil war (1991–present)

Location: Somalia
US Marines on patrol in Somalia.
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Spain
 Saudi Arabia
 Malaysia
 Pakistan
 Italy
 India
 Greece
 Germany
 France
 Canada
 Botswana
 Belgium
 Australia
 New Zealand
Somalia Somali National Alliance Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Failure to capture SNA leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid; specific Aidid lieutenants captured
  • Withdrawal of U.S. forces 5 months after losses in the Battle of Mogadishu
  • The UN mandate saved close to 100,000 lives, before and after U.S. withdrawal
  • Civil war is ongoing
Bosnian War
(1992–1995)

Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Location: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Russian and American troops on a joint patrol around the Bosnian town of Zvornik on the afternoon of February 29, 1996.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia Herzeg-Bosnia
 Croatia


 United States
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom

 Republika Srpska
 Serbian Krajina
Western Bosnia
US-allied victory
Intervention in Haiti
(1994–1995)

Location: Haiti
US troops arrive in Haiti.
 United States
 Poland
 Argentina
 Haiti US-allied victory
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)

Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Location: Serbia
Bombing of Novi Sad.
KLA
Albania AFRK
 Albania
 Croatia
 United States
 Belgium
 Canada
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Hungary
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Poland
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia US-allied victory[13][14][15][16]
  • Ceasefire reached through Kumanovo Agreement of June 1999. after Russian and Finnish envoys visit Belgrade
  • Yugoslav forces pull out of Kosovo
  • UN Resolution 1244 confirming Kosovo as de jure part of FRY
  • De facto separation of Kosovo from FR Yugoslavia under UN administration
  • Return of Albanian refugees after attempted ethnic cleansing of Albanians
  • KLA veterans join the UÇPMB, starting the Preševo insurgency
  • Three Chinese journalists were killed in United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade
Operation Infinite Reach
(1998)

Location: Sudan and Afghanistan
al-Qaeda training camp in Afghanistan.
 United States al-Qaeda
 Sudan

Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
Lashkar-e-Taiba
Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Strikes hit targets but failed objectives[17]
  • al-Qaeda suffers damage and casualties; however, its senior leaders survive the strikes
  • Al-Shifa pharmaceutical plant destroyed
  1. ^ Advisory role from the forming of the MAAG in Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  2. ^ Direct U.S. involvement ended in 1973 with the Paris Peace Accords. Air Force and Special Ops continued some operations until April 1975; President Ford in a televised speech on April 23, 1975 declared the end of Vietnam War.
  3. ^ The war reignited on December 13, 1974 with offensive operations by North Vietnam, leading to victory over South Vietnam in under two months.

21st-century wars

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
War in Afghanistan
(2001–present)

Part of the War on Terror and the War in Afghanistan (1978–present)

Location: Afghanistan
American and British soldiers take a tactical pause during a combat patrol in the Sangin District area of Helmand Province.
Resolute Support Mission
 Afghanistan
 United States
 Canada
 United Kingdom
 Australia New Zealand
 Croatia
 Czech Republic
 Georgia
 Germany
 Italy
 Romania
 Spain
 Turkey
Formerly:
ISAF
Afghanistan Taliban

Allied groups
HIG
al-Qaeda
Islamic Jihad Union[18]


Taliban splinter groups


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant IS-Affiliates:

2001 Invasion:
Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Ongoing
2003 invasion of Iraq
(2003)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Iraq
A U.S. soldier stands guard duty near a burning oil well in the Rumaila oil field, 2 April 2003.
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Poland
Iraq Iraq US-Allied Victory
Iraq War
(2003–2011)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Iraq
Soldiers from 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment conduct security before a cordon and search operation in Biaj, Iraq with their M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank.
 United States
 Iraq
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 South Korea
 Italy
 Georgia
 Poland
 Spain
 Netherlands
 Ukraine
 Romania

MNF–I

Ba'ath Loyalists

Islamic State of Iraq
al-Qaeda in Iraq
Mahdi Army
Special Groups
IAI
Ansar al-Sunnah


2003 Invasion:

Iraq Iraq

Inconclusive
War in North-West Pakistan
(2004–present)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Pakistan
MQ-1 Predator drones are typically used in covert bombing operations in the Federally administered tribal regions of Pakistan
 United States

 Pakistan

Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
al-Qaeda
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
Turkistan Islamic Party
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi

Daesh

Ongoing
Second U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(2007–present)

Part of the Somali Civil War (1991–present) and the War on Terror

Location: Somalia and Northeastern Kenya
MQ-9 Reaper commonly used in covert drone strikes in Somalia.
 Somalia
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Kenya
 Ethiopia
AMISOM
 United Nations

 European Union[30]

Al-Shabaab
Hizbul Islam

Daesh
Alleged support:
 Eritrea

Ongoing
Operation Ocean Shield
(2009–2016)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Indian Ocean
A tall plume of black smoke rises from a destroyed pirate vessel that was struck by USS Farragut in March 2010.
 NATO
 United States
 Malaysia
 Norway
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 Denmark
 Netherlands
 Italy
 South Korea
 India

 Russia
 China

Somali pirates US-allied victory
  • Number of pirate attacks dramatically decreased
  • The US Office of Naval Intelligence have officially reported that in 2013, only 9 incidents of piracy were reported and that none of them were successfully hijacked[citation needed]
  • Piracy drops 90%[31]
International intervention in Libya
(2011)

Part of the Libyan Crisis and the First Libyan Civil War

Location: Libya
US vessels launch missiles in support of the Libyan Civil War.
 NATO
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Belgium
 Bulgaria
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Greece
 Italy
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Romania
 Spain
 Turkey
 Sweden
 Jordan
 Qatar
 United Arab Emirates

Anti-Gaddafi rebels

Libya US-allied victory
Operation Observant Compass
(2011–2017)

Part of the War on Terror

Location: Uganda
U.S. Marine Sgt. Joseph Bergeron, a task force combat engineer, explains combat marksmanship tactics to a group of Ugandan soldiers.
 United States
 Uganda
 DR Congo
 Central African Republic
 South Sudan
Lord's Resistance Army US-allied victory
  • LRA eliminated as a threat to Uganda, reduced to around 100 members,[35]
  • LRA leader Joseph Kony remains a fugitive
  • Conflict remains ongoing
American-led intervention in Iraq
(2014–present)

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the Iraqi Civil War, the Spillover of the Syrian Civil War, the War on Terror and the International ISIS campaign

Location: Iraq
General Stephen J. Townsend observes a HIMARS strike that destroyed a building near Haditha, September 2016
 United States
 Iraq
 Kurdistan
 Australia New Zealand
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Jordan
 Morocco
 Netherlands
 United Kingdom
 Turkey

 Iran
Hezbollah

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Ongoing
  • Tens of thousands of ISIL fighters killed
  • American-led forces launch over 13,300 airstrikes on ISIL positions in Iraq
  • Heavy damage dealt to ISIL forces, ISIL loses 40% of its territory in Iraq by January 2016, and all of its territory in Iraq in December 2017
  • Multinational humanitarian and arming of ground forces efforts
  • 200 IS created mass graves found containing up to 12,000 people[36]
  • Ongoing US-led Coalition advising and training of Iraqi and Kurdish ground forces
  • US maintains limited military presence in Iraq
American-led intervention in Syria
(2014–present)

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the Syrian Civil War, the War on Terror and the International ISIS campaign

Location: Syria
United States United States

Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria


CJTF-OIR Members:
 United Kingdom
 France
 Australia

 New Zealand
 Canada
 Jordan
 Denmark
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Lebanon
 Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
 Qatar
 Bahrain


Turkey


 Israel (limited involvement; against Hezbollah and government forces only)


Formerly:
Syrian opposition Free Syrian Army (2011–2017)

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIS

al-Qaeda linked groups:

Partial Support:
 Qatar
 UAE
 Saudi Arabia


 Syria (limited encounters with US and Israel)

Supported by:
 Russia
 Iran
Hezbollah

Ongoing
Yemeni Civil War
(2015–present)

Part of the War on Terror and the International ISIS Campaign

Location: Yemen
U.S. Naval vessel patrolling along the coastline of Yemen enforcing the American-Saudi blockade against Iran.
Hadi government

Saudi-led Coalition:
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
 Senegal
 Sudan
 Qatar (2015–2017)

 al-Qaeda


 United States (limited involvement supporting the coalition and combating al Qaeda and IS)[38]
 France
 United Kingdom

Supreme Political Council
Houthis
Ahrar al-Najran
Supported by:
 Iran
Hezbollah
 North Korea

AQAP


IS-affiliated groups:

Ongoing
  • Yemen's capital city of Sana'a and large swaths of western Yemen falls under Houthi control
  • Saudi-led coalition bombs Houthi rebel positions
  • Aden becomes the new capital for the Hadi government
  • Cholera outbreak in 2016
  • Former Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh killed in fire fight by a sniper during the ongoing battle in Sana'a
  • Targeted killing program against radical groups in the region continues since 2002 and intensify after the beginning of civil war
  • Iranian supplied, Houthi operated, ballistic missile,[39] aerial drone, and drone boat[40] attacks against Saudi Arabia,[41][42] the Hadi government,[43] and the UAE[44][45]
  • U.S. Naval blockade put in place in attempt to assist Saudi Arabia in preventing Iranian weapons from being moved into Houthi territory
  • Raids against al-Qaeda conducted U.S. Special Forces
  • Famine endangers over 17 million people, and kills approximately 85,000 children
American intervention in Libya
(2015–present)

Part of the Second Libyan Civil War, the War on Terror, and the International ISIS Campaign

Location: Libya
USS Wasp conducts flight operations in Operation Odyssey Lightning.
 United States
 Libya
Islamic State in Libya Ongoing
  • Liberation of Sirte
  • Hundreds of airstrikes carried out in Libya against Islamic State affiliated militant groups

See also

References

  1. ^ history, Martin Kelly Martin H. Kelly is a former; Teacher, Social Studies; Books, The Author of Two History; life, one on Colonial; Tampa, the other on American Presidents He is an online course developer for the UK-based Pamoja Education company He lives in; Florida. "American Involvement in Wars from Colonial Times to the Present". ThoughtCo. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Tripolitan War | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d r2WPadmin. "First Barbary War". American History Central. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  4. ^ Serial 89, 18th Congress, 1st Session, Senate Document No. 1, p. 95
  5. ^ Lack (1992), pp. 122–3.
  6. ^ The Nation. J.H. Richards. 1889. pp. 256–.
  7. ^ "History: World War I".
  8. ^ Mujaju 1987, p. 484.
  9. ^ "Communist Insurgency In Thailand" (PDF). CIA Report. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Anatomy of a Counterinsurgency victory" (PDF). January 2007. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  11. ^ "Statement by Deputy Press Secretary Larry Speakes". September 23, 1982.
  12. ^ "The Collapse of Lebanon's Army: U.S. Said to Ignore Factionalism". March 11, 1984.
  13. ^ http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a432768.pdf
  14. ^ Cambridge Scholars Publisher (2015). Coercive Diplomacy of NATO in Kosovo. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 289–. ISBN 978-1-4438-7668-1.
  15. ^ Erlanger, Steven (November 7, 1999). "NATO Was Closer to Ground War in Kosovo Than Is Widely Realized" – via NYTimes.com.
  16. ^ Lake, Daniel R. (2009). "The Limits of Coercive Airpower: NATO's "Victory" in Kosovo Revisited". International Security. 34: 83–112. doi:10.1162/isec.2009.34.1.83.
  17. ^ "The operation was essentially a failure" (Bergen 2002, p. 124)"... The highly unsuccessful Operation Infinite Reach ... backfired and acted as a recruitment drive for bin Laden's Al Qaeda" (Williams 2017, pp. 52-53)."... The failed strikes were dubbed Operation Infinite Reach ... the missile attacks exposed the inadequacy of American intelligence and the futility of military power" (Wright 2006, p. 285). Zenko (2010, p. 139) judges Operation Infinite Reach to be both a political and military failure.
  18. ^ "Central Asian groups split over leadership of global jihad". The Long War Journal. August 24, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Sectarian divisions change Baghdad's image". NBC News. July 3, 2006. Retrieved February 18, 2007.
  20. ^ Petrou, Michael (September 9, 2011). "The decline of al-Qaeda". Maclean's. George W. Bush gambled on surging thousands more troops to the embattled country. It paid off. Al-Qaeda in Iraq is now a diminished force without territory.
  21. ^ Spencer C. Tucker (December 14, 2015). U.S. Conflicts in the 21st Century: Afghanistan War, Iraq War, and the War on Terror. ISBN 978-1-4408-3879-8. Al Qaeda in Iraq was decimated by the end of the Iraq War in 2011
  22. ^ South, Todd (January 20, 2019). "Army’s long-awaited Iraq war study finds Iran was the only winner in a conflict that holds many lessons for future wars". Army Times. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  23. ^ Galbraith, Peter W. (2007). The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War Without End. Simon & Schuster. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-7432-9424-9.
  24. ^ "Iran expands regional 'empire' ahead of nuclear deal". Reuters.
  25. ^ "How to Stop Iran's Growing Hegemony". National Review Online.
  26. ^ "The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency | Combating Terrorism Center at West Point". Ctc.usma.edu. Archived from the original on August 26, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
  27. ^ "Al-Qaeda's Resurgence in Iraq: A Threat to U.S. Interests". U.S. Department of State. February 5, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  28. ^ "Petition asking for halt on US drone strikes in Pakistan dismissed by SC | Pakistan Today". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  29. ^ a b c "Service and Sacrifice: Ugandan 'Blue Helmets' support UN efforts to bring peace to Somalia". UN News. April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  30. ^ Somalia, EUTM. "Home". EUTM-Somalia. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  31. ^ "Somali piracy is down 90 per cent from last year". The Journal. December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  32. ^ Holmes, Oliver (January 24, 2012). "UPDATE 1-Anger, chaos but no revolt after Libya violence". Bani Walid. Reuters Africa. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  33. ^ African migrants sold in Libya 'slave markets', IOM says. BBC.
  34. ^ "Migrants from west Africa being 'sold in Libyan slave markets'". The Guardian.
  35. ^ Baddorf, Zack (April 20, 2017). "Uganda Ends Its Hunt for Joseph Kony Empty-Handed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  36. ^ "IS left 200 mass graves in Iraq - UN". November 6, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  37. ^ Reuters (June 15, 2019). "Belgium takes back six children of Isis fighters from Syrian camps". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  38. ^ Press, Deb Riechmann, The Associated (April 16, 2019). "Trump vetoes measure to end US involvement in Yemen war". Military Times. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  39. ^ "Houthis – Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance". Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  40. ^ "How Yemen's Iran-backed Rebels Weaponized Drones Against Saudi Arabia". Haaretz. May 21, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  41. ^ "Saudi air defence intercepts five Houthi drones: SPA". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  42. ^ "Arab Coalition says Iran-supplied drone shot down in southern Saudi Arabia". The National. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  43. ^ "Houthi drones kill several at Yemeni military parade". Reuters. January 10, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  44. ^ "Wreckage of UAE aid ship attacked by Houthi rebels - in pictures". The National. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  45. ^ "Yemen's Houthis say they attacked Abu Dhabi airport using drone". Reuters. July 26, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2019.

External links

  1. ^ These numbers are gathered from a combination of surviving muster rolls and veteran applications for land grants. It is likely that the statistics on the Texian army size in both 1835 and 1836 underestimate the number of Tejanos who served in the army. American volunteers who returned to the U.S. without claiming land are also undercounted. Lack (1992), p. 113.
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