Local council (Israel)

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Israel

Local councils - plural: (Hebrew: מוֹעָצוֹת מְקוֹמִיּוֹתMo'atzot Mekomiot (מועצות מקומיות)[1] / singular: (Hebrew: מוֹעָצָה מְקוֹמִיתMo'atza Mekomit (מועצה מקומית)[2] - are one of the three types of local government found in Israel, the other two being cities and regional councils. There are 265 local councils in Israel.[3]

Local councils should not be confused with local committees, which are lower-level administrative entities.

History

Local council status is determined by passing a minimum threshold, enough to justify operations as independent municipal units, although not large enough to be declared a city.[4][5] In general this applies to all settlements of over 2,000 people.[5]

The Israeli Interior Minister has the authority of deciding whether a locality is fit to become a municipal council (a city). The minister is expected to listen to the wishes of the residents of the locality in question, who may wish the locality to remain a local council even after achieving the requirements for a city (e.g. Ramat HaSharon, which did not become a city until 2002 due to its residents wanting to preserve its image as a small town), or a part of a regional council despite having achieved the criteria for a local one. Local councils also have an important role in town planning.[4]

The Union of Local Authorities in Israel (ULAI) is the umbrella organization of local councils in Israel. The union represents the local councils vis a vis the national government. ULAI was established in 1938, under the British Mandate, as the League of Local Councils.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://milog.co.il/מוֹעָצוֹת מְקוֹמִיּוֹת
  2. ^ https://milog.co.il/מוֹעָצָה מְקוֹמִית
  3. ^ a b Union of Local Authorities in Israel
  4. ^ a b Mahler, Gregory S. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 229. 
  5. ^ a b Troen, Selwyn Ilan; Noah Lucas. Israel: The First Decade of Independence. SUNY Press. p. 496. 

External links

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