City of Marietta
Cobb County courthouse in Marietta
Location in Cobb County and the state of Georgia
|• Mayor||R. Steve Tumlin Jr. (R)|
|• City Manager||William F. Bruton Jr.|
|• Total||23.2 sq mi (60.0 km2)|
|• Land||23.1 sq mi (59.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,129 ft (344 m)|
|• Estimate (2017)||61,048|
|• Density||2,551/sq mi (984.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|ZIP codes||30006-08, 30060-69, 30090|
|GNIS feature ID||0317694|
As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 56,579. The 2017 estimate is 61,048, making it one of Atlanta's largest suburbs. Marietta is the fourth largest of the principal cities (by population) of the Atlanta metropolitan statistical area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Media
- 8 Education
- 9 Culture
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Sister cities
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
The origin of the name is uncertain. It is believed that the city was named for Mary Cobb, the wife of U.S. Senator and Superior Court judge Thomas Willis Cobb. Judge Cobb is the namesake of the county.
Homes were built by early settlers near the Cherokee town of Big Shanty (now Kennesaw) prior to 1824. The first plat was laid out in 1833. Like most towns, Marietta had a square (see Marietta Square) in the center with a courthouse. The Georgia General Assembly legally recognized the community on December 19, 1834.
Built in 1838, Oakton House is the oldest continuously occupied residence in Marietta. The original barn, milk house, smokehouse, and wellhouse remain on the property. The spectacular gardens contain the boxwood parterre from the 1870s. Oakton served as Major General Loring's headquarters during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in 1864.
Marietta was initially selected as the hub for the new Western and Atlantic Railroad, and business boomed. By 1838, roadbed and trestles had been built north of the city. However, in 1840, political wrangling stopped construction for a time. In 1842, the railroad's new management decided to move the hub from Marietta to an area that would become Atlanta. Nonetheless, in 1850, when the railroad began operation, Marietta shared in the resulting prosperity.
Businessman and politician John Glover arrived in 1848. A popular figure, Glover was elected mayor when the city incorporated in 1852. Another early resident was Carey Cox, a physician, who promoted a "water cure", which developed into a spa that attracted patients to the area. The Cobb County Medical Society recognizes him as the county's first physician.
In April 1862, James Andrews, a civilian working with the Union Army, came to Marietta, along with a small party of Union soldiers dressed in civilian clothing. The group spent the night in the Fletcher House hotel (later known as the Kennesaw House and now the home of the Marietta Museum of History) located immediately in front of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Andrews and his men, who later became known as the Andrews Raiders, planned to seize a train and proceed north toward the city of Chattanooga, destroying the railroad on their way. They hoped, in so doing, to isolate Chattanooga from Atlanta and bring about the downfall of the Confederate stronghold. The Raiders boarded a waiting train on the morning of April 12, 1862, along with other passengers. Shortly thereafter, the train made a scheduled stop in the town of Big Shanty, now known as Kennesaw. When the other passengers got off the train for breakfast, Andrews and the Raiders stole the engine and the car behind it, which carried the fuel. The engine, called The General, and Andrews' Raiders had begun the episode now known as the Great Locomotive Chase. Andrews and the Raiders failed in their mission. Andrews and all of his men were caught within two weeks, including two men who had arrived late and missed the hijacking. All were tried as spies, convicted, and hanged.
General William Tecumseh Sherman invaded the town during the Atlanta Campaign in the summer of 1864. In November 1864, General Hugh Kilpatrick set the town ablaze, the first strike in Sherman's March to the Sea. Sherman's troops crossed the Chattahoochee River at a shallow section known as the Palisades, after burning the Marietta Paper Mills near the mouth of Sope Creek.
Leo Frank was lynched at 1200 Roswell Road just east of Marietta on August 17, 1915. Frank, a Jewish-American superintendent of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta, had been convicted on August 25, 1913, for the murder of one of his factory workers, 13-year-old Mary Phagan. The murder and trial, sensationalized in the local press, portrayed Frank as sexually depraved, and captured the public's attention. An eleventh-hour commutation by Governor John Slaton of Frank's death sentence to life imprisonment (because of problems with the case against him) created great local outrage. A mob threatened the governor to the extent that the Georgia National Guard had to be called to defend him, and he left the state immediately with his political career over. Another mob, systematically organized for the purpose, abducted Frank from prison, drove him to Marietta, and hanged him. The leaders of the abduction included past, current, and future elected local, county, and state officials. There were two state legislators, the mayor, a former governor, a clergyman, two former Superior Court justices, and an ex-sheriff. In reaction Jewish activists created the Anti-Defamation League, to work to educate Americans about Jewish life and culture, and to prevent anti-Semitism.
Marietta is located near the center of Cobb County, between Kennesaw to the northwest and Smyrna to the southeast. U.S. Route 41 and State Route 3 run through the city northeast of downtown as Cobb Parkway, and Interstate 75 runs parallel to it through the eastern part of Marietta, with access from exits 261, 263, 265, and 267. Downtown Atlanta is 20 miles (32 km) to the southeast, and Cartersville is 24 miles (39 km) to the northwest.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Marietta has a total area of 23.2 square miles (60.0 km2), of which 23.1 square miles (59.8 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.38%, is water.
|Climate data for Marietta, Georgia|
|Record high °F (°C)||80
|Average high °F (°C)||52
|Average low °F (°C)||30
|Record low °F (°C)||−12
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.86
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 56,641 people, and 22,261 households. The population density was 2,684.1 people per square mile (1,036.2/km²). There were 25,227 housing units at an average density of 1,152.6 per square mile (445.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.7% White, 31.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.1% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.6% of the population.
There were 23,895 households out of which 27.8% had children under 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.5% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city, the population was distributed by age with 22.4% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 39.4% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.3 males. For every 101 females age 18 and over, there were 100.3 males.
Incorporated as a village in 1834 and as a city in 1852, the city of Marietta is organized under a form of government consisting of a Mayor, City Council and City Manager. The City Council is made up of representatives elected from each of seven single-member districts within the city and a Mayor elected at-large.
The City Council is the governing body of the city with the authority to adopt and enforce municipal laws and regulations. The Mayor and City Council appoint members of the community to sit on the city's various boards and commissions, ensuring that a wide cross-section of the community is represented in the city government.
The City Council appoints the City Manager, the city's chief executive officer. The Council-Manager relationship is comparable to that of a Board of Directors and CEO in a private company or corporation. The City Manager appoints city department heads and is responsible to the City Council for all city operations. The City Council also appoints the city attorney who serves as the city's chief legal officer, and the City Clerk who maintains all the city's records.
Terms of office are for four years and the number of terms a member may serve are unlimited. There are seven councilmen, each representing a separate ward.
|Mayors of Marietta, Georgia|
The median income for a household in the city was $40,645, and the median income for a family was $47,340. Males had a median income of $31,186 versus $30,027 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,409. About 11.5% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
Dobbins Air Reserve Base on the south side of town and a Lockheed Martin manufacturing plant are among the major industries in the city. The Lockheed Georgia Employees Credit Union is based in Marietta.
According to Marietta's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers within the city are:
|1||Cobb County School District||13,371|
|3||WellStar Kennestone Hospital||4,700|
|7||C. W. Matthews Contracting Co.||1,400|
|8||Tip Top Poultry||1,300|
|9||U.S. Security Associates||950|
|10||Cobb County Government||911|
The city operates Marietta Power under the auspices of the Board of Lights & Water.
The Marietta Daily Journal is published in the city.
All of the public schools in Marietta proper are operated by the Marietta City Schools (MCS), while the remainder of the schools in Cobb County, but outside the city limits, are operated by the Cobb County School District, including all of the county's other cities. MCS has one high school, Marietta High School, grades 9-12; a middle school, Marietta Middle School, grades 7 and 8; Marietta Sixth Grade Academy; and several elementary schools: A.L. Burruss, Dunleith, Hickory Hills, Lockheed, Marietta Center for Advanced Academics, Park Street, Sawyer Road, and West Side. Many residents of Marietta attend Cobb County public schools, such as Joseph Wheeler High School and Sprayberry High School. These schools are known to compete fiercely in athletics, especially basketball, as both Wheeler and Marietta High School frequently produce D-1 players. The town of Marietta is also home to the Walker School, a private pre-kindergarten through 12th grade school. Walker competes in the Georgia High School Association Class A (Region 6) athletic division while Marietta and Wheeler compete in Class AAAAAA (Regions 4 and 5, respectively).
The school system employs 1,200 people. MCS is an International Baccalaureate (IB) World School district. In 2008, MCS became only the second IB World School district in Georgia authorized to offer the IB Middle Years Program (MYP) for grades 6-10. MCS is one of only a few school systems nationwide able to provide the full IB (K-12) continuum.
Kennesaw State University (Marietta Campus) formally Southern Polytechnic State University (SPSU), and Life University are located in Marietta, serving more than 20,000 students in more than 90 programs of study.
The city has six historic districts, some on the National Register of Historic Places (these include Northwest Marietta, Whitlock Avenue, Washington Avenue, and Church-Cherokee Streets). The city's welcome center is located in the historic train depot.
Downtown is the town square and former location of the county courthouse. The square is the site of several cultural productions and public events, including a weekly farmers' market.
The Marietta Museum of History exhibits the history of the city and county. The museum is home to thousands of artifacts including items from Marietta residents and businesses. The Marietta Gone with the Wind Museum, also called "Scarlett on the Square", houses a collection of memorabilia related to Gone with the Wind, both the book and the film.
The Big Chicken is a landmark on U.S. 41.
The CSX freight trains between Atlanta and Chattanooga (Western & Atlantic Subdivision) still run a block west of the town square, past the former railroad depot (now the Visitor Center) and the Kennesaw House, one of only four buildings in Marietta not burned to the ground in Sherman's March to the Sea. The Kennesaw House is home to the Marietta Museum of History which tells the history of Marietta and Cobb County.
- Big Boss Man, professional wrestler, inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2016
- Marcus Alexander Bagwell, professional wrestler, formerly with the World Wrestling Federation, World Championship Wrestling, & Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
- Alan Ball, Academy Award-winning screenwriter
- Alice Birney (1858–1907), co-founder of National Parent-Teacher Association, born in Marietta
- Billy Burns, current Major League Baseball player
- Jaylen Brown, NBA player for Boston Celtics
- K Camp, Rapper
- Lucius D. Clay, General, US Army, Military Governor of Germany post-WWII
- Jonathan Dwyer, former NFL player
- Frank Freyer, 14th Naval Governor of Guam and Chief of Staff of Peruvian Navy
- George H. Gay Jr., sole survivor of Torpedo Squadron 8 at Battle of Midway
- Cedric Henderson, NBA player for Atlanta Hawks and Milwaukee Bucks
- Richard Howell (born 1990), basketball player for Hapoel Tel Aviv of Israeli Basketball Premier League
- Marvin Hudson, Major League Baseball umpire
- Adam Morgan, MLB player for Philadelphia Phillies
- Melanie Oudin, professional tennis player, US Open 2009 quarterfinalist
- Jennifer Paige, singer
- Lennon Parham, actress and comedian
- Robert Patrick, actor
- Ron Pope, singer/songwriter
- Mathew Pitsch, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Fort Smith since 2015; former resident of Marietta
- Marco Restrepo, musician
- Chris Robinson, former Black Crowes singer
- Rich Robinson, former Black Crowes guitar player
- Cody Rhodes (Cody Runnels), professional wrestler
- Daniela Silivas-Harper, Romanian gymnast and coach
- Ron Simmons, professional wrestler, member of WWE Hall of Fame and College Football Hall of Fame
- Dansby Swanson, Major League Baseball player for Atlanta Braves, first overall pick in 2015 MLB Draft
- Emily Sonnett, professional soccer player for the U.S. women's national soccer team and Portland Thorns FC
- Travis Tritt, country music singer and composer
- Isadora Williams, American-Brazilian figure skater who represented Brazil at 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi
- Michael Len Williams II (Mike Will Made It), record producer
- Xavier Woods (Austin Watson), professional wrestler, YouTube personality
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- "On this date in Civil War history: The Great Locomotive Chase – April 12, 1862". Thiswekinthecivilwar.com. April 13, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
- "About Marietta Confederate Cemetery". Marietta Confederate Cemetery Foundation and Friends of Brown Park, Inc. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Kirby, Joe; Guarnieri, Damien A. (2009). Marietta Revisited. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 49–53. ISBN 978-0-7385-6634-4.
- Oney, Steve (2003). And the Dead Shall Rise: The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank. New York: Random House. pp. 513-521. Dinnerstein, Leonard. The Leo Frank Case. University of Georgia Press, 1987. pp. 139-140. content_id=6631399 "POLITICS, PREJUDICE, AND PERJURY" p. 9 (March 1, 2000).
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- T. M. Brumby Sr. was elected for the 1898–1899 term, but resigned before taking the oath of office. A special election was held on January 8, 1898.
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- "Marietta City Schools: About Us: Fact Sheet". Marietta-city.org. Retrieved June 24, 2012.
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- Kory, Melissa (October 10, 2013). ""Dumb and Dumber To" to Film in Marietta Square". Marietta Patch. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
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Born on 9/3/75 in Marietta, Georgia. Pop singer.
- "Mathew W. Pitsch". intelius.com. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
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At least two books have been produced chronicling the history of the city in pictures:
- Marietta Then and Now series. ISBN 978-0-7385-5314-6
- Marietta Revisited Then and Now series. (ISBN 978-0-7385-6634-4)