Miss Freedom, originally named Goddess of Liberty, is the statue adorning the dome of the Georgia State Capitol since 1889. Commissioned in 1888, the hollow copper statue is painted white, weighs over 1600 lbs and is over 26 feet tall. She was sculpted with a torch in her right hand and a sword in her left. The torch is a functioning mercury-vapor lamp, casting a blue-green light at night. The torch in her right hand was supposed to be a working light continuously, but it remained dark until it was reconstructed in 1959. Tube and trolley systems have been installed so the bulb can be changed from the inside.
There were two different capitol locations before the current location. The current capitol building resides in the city of Atlanta. Construction of the Atlanta capitol started on November 13, 1884. The building took four and a half years and 250 men to complete. The statue of Miss Freedom was installed in 1888. Completion, and opening of the building, took place on March 20, 1889.
The statue's origin is vague as the original documents pertaining to the construction of the State Capitol and Miss Freedom were burned. What records remain show that it originally came from the company Edbrooke & Burnham in Salem, Ohio. The statue's name prior to its christening is unknown, but it has possessed the names Miss Freedom, Liberty, and Goddess of Liberty.
The statue wears a Phrygian cap, or pileus, adorned with a star. It wears a robe and holds a torch in her right hand and a sword in her left. The torch is meant to represent truth or enlightnment while the sword symbolizes authoritative armed liberty or enforced justice.
- "Georgia State Capitol". georgiaencyclopedia.org. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
- "Georgia State Capitol". Way Into Atlanta. November 7, 2013. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015.
- "Statues on our State Capitols, Favorite Stories and Images". tigerleaf.com. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
- Pollack, Deborah C. (January 18, 2015). Visual Art and the Urban Evolution of the New South. Univ of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-61117-433-5.
- Georgia House of Representatives history of Miss Freedom
- Georgia Secretary of State history and picture of Miss Freedom
- Picture of a replica statue of Miss Liberty located in the Capitol
- GeorgiaInfo.com Miss Freedom entry
- Georgia Encyclopedia Entry for Miss Freedom
- Statues adorning State Capitols
- Mystery of the Capitol Statue