Northern United States

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Northern United States
The states shown in red are included in the general term Northern United States.
The states shown in red are included in the general term Northern United States.
Country United States
States Connecticut
 Illinois
 Indiana
 Iowa
 Kansas
 Maine
 Massachusetts
 Michigan
 Minnesota
 Nebraska
 New Hampshire
 New Jersey
 New York (state)
 North Dakota
 Ohio
 Pennsylvania
 Rhode Island
 South Dakota
 Vermont
 Wisconsin

The Northern United States, commonly referred to as the American North, Yankee land or simply the North, can be a geographic or historical term and definition.

Geographic term

Geographically, the term includes the U.S. states and regions of the United States of America that are located across the northernmost part of the country. It includes, but is not limited to, states along the Canada–United States border.

Census Bureau

The United States Census Bureau divides some of the northernmost United States into the Midwest Region and the Northeast Region.[1] The Census Bureau also includes the northernmost states of the Northwestern United States, that are within the West Region.[1]

Historical term

Before 19th-century westward expansion, the "Northern United States" corresponded to the present day New England region. By the 1830s it corresponded to the present day Northeastern United States.

American Civil War

During the American Civil War, the Northern United States was composed of the U.S. states that supported the United States of America, the Union states. In this context, "The North" is synonymous with the Union. In this context, "The South" is composed of the states that attempted secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America. However, which states comprised "The North" in this context can be the subject of historical disagreement. Five slave-holding states, called the Border states, that remained with the Union – Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland and Delaware (along with the disputed Indian Territory) – may be excluded.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  2. ^ "the North (region, United States)". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
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