Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
|Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district|
Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district is located in Northwestern Pennsylvania. It contains all of Erie County, Crawford County, Mercer County, and Lawrence County, as well as part of Butler County. The district is represented by Republican Mike Kelly.
Prior to redistricting on March 19, 2018, the 16th congressional district was located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia. Previously, Northwestern Pennsylvania was represented by the 3rd congressional district. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map violated the state constitution due to partisan gerrymandering. What was the 16th district was modified to become the eleventh district, and the old third district likewise became the 16th, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.
Adams County (which includes Gettysburg) was in the district in 1863, at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address. Democrat Alexander Coffroth was the district's representative at the time.
Recent election results
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||Third Party||Votes||Pct||Fourth Party||Votes||Pct|
|2000||Bob Yorczyk||80,177||33.1%||Joe Pitts||162,403||67.0%|
|2002||Joe Pitts||119,046||88.5%||Will Todd||8,720||6.5%||Kenneth Brenneman||6,766||5.0%|
|2004||Lois Herr||98,410||34.5%||Joe Pitts||183,620||64.4%||William Hagen||3,269||1.25|
|2006||Lois Herr||80,915||39.6%||Joe Pitts||115,741||56.6%||John
|2008||Bruce Slater||120,193||39.4%||Joe Pitts||170,329||55.8%||John
|2010||Lois Herr||70,994||34.6%||Joe Pitts||134,113||65.4%|
|2012||Aryanna Strader||109,026||39%||Joe Pitts||154,337||55%||John
|2014||Tom Houghton||73,921||42.2%||Joe Pitts||101,083||57.8%|
|2016||Christina Hartman||134,586||42.89%||Lloyd Smucker||168,669||53.76%||Shawn Patrick House||10,518||3.35%|
|2004||Bush 61 - 38%|
|2008||McCain 51 - 48%|
|2012||Romney 52.4 - 46.3%|
|2016||Trump 51.0 - 44.2%|
Created after the 2000 Census, the 16th district was composed of a large portion of southern Chester County, most of Lancaster County, and a sliver of Berks County, including the city of Reading. The 16th stretched from the southwestern suburbs of Philadelphia in the east to the Susquehanna River in the west, and north to include areas around Reading.
In 2000, the 16th Congressional District was home to 646,328 residents, according to the U.S. Census, and its population has increased since that year. Residents of Lancaster County made up the majority of the district's population, followed by Chester County and Berks County. The district was one of the Pennsylvania districts accused of being the result of gerrymandering. Before 2018’s redistricting, PA-03 was rated a Solid Republican seat by Cook.
Pockets of urban areas exist in and around the cities of Lancaster, Reading, and West Chester.
In February 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the previous map was unconstitutional due to gerrymandering and released a new congressional map. The 16th district was relocated to the northwestern part of the state. The new 16th includes the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville. After redistricting, PA-16 was rated as a likely Republican seat by Cook in 2018. It is not considered a competitive district in 2020.
Counties and municipalities within the district
Butler County: partial; a portion of county is in the 15th district.
Crawford County: Meadville, Titusville
Erie County: Corry, Erie
Lawrence County: New Castle
Mercer County: Farrell, Hermitage, Sharon
List of members representing the district
The district was created with two seats in 1823
1823–1833: Two seats
|Years||Seat A||Seat B|
|Representative||Party||Electoral history||Representative||Party||Electoral history|
|18th||March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
|James Allison Jr.||Jackson Democratic-Republican||Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Resigned before Congress convened
|Jackson Democratic-Republican||Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 1822.|
|19th||March 4, 1825 –
|Jacksonian||James S. Stevenson||Jacksonian||Elected in 1824.|
Re-elected in 1826.
|? 1825 –
October 11, 1825
|October 11, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
|Robert Orr Jr.||Jacksonian||Elected October 11, 1825 to finish Allison's term and seated December 5, 1825.|
Re-elected in 1826.
|20th||March 4, 1827 –|
March 3, 1829
|21st||March 4, 1829 –
November 9, 1829
|John Gilmore||Jacksonian||Elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
|Anti-Masonic||Elected in 1828 but resigned November 9, 1829 before qualifying.|
|November 9, 1829 –
December 15, 1829
|December 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
|Anti-Masonic||Elected November 9, 1829 to finish Wilkins's term and seated December 15, 1829.|
Re-elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
|22nd||March 4, 1831 –|
March 3, 1833
1833-Present: One seat
Historical district boundaries
- "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Cook Political Report https://cookpolitical.com/ratings/house-race-ratings. Retrieved 2 July 2020. Missing or empty
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present