Ranks of the Imperial Japanese Army

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The following tables present the rank insignia of the Imperial Japanese Army before and during World War II. These designs were worn on shoulders as passants (shoulder straps) between the years 1911 and 1938, then on collars afterwards until 1945, when the army was dissolved.

The same officer ranks were used for both the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy, the only distinction being the placement of the word Rikugun (army) or Kaigun (navy) before the rank. Thus, for example, a captain in the navy shared the same rank designation as that of a colonel in the army: Taisa (colonel), so the rank of Rikugun Taisa denoted an army colonel, while the rank of Kaigun daisa denoted a naval captain.

Officer ranks

Imperial Japanese Army ranks English translation Collar insignia Command
大元帥陸軍大将
(Daigensui-Rikugun-Taishō)
Grand Marshal of the Japanese Empire
(Generalissimo)
Generalissimo collar rank insignia (Japan).png Imperial Army
元帥陸軍大将
(Gensui-Rikugun-Taishō)
Field Marshal
(Marshal)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大将.svg元帥徽章.svg
(enamel badge)
General army (Role:Army group)
陸軍大将
(Rikugun-Taishō)
General
(Army General)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大将.svg Area army (Role:Field army)
Army (Role:Army corps)
陸軍中将
(Rikugun-Chūjō)
Lieutenant General
(Divisional General)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―中将.svg Area army
Army
Division
陸軍少将
(Rikugun-Shōshō)
Major General
(Brigade General)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―少将.svg Division[1].
Brigade
陸軍大佐
(Rikugun-Taisa)
Colonel 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大佐.svg Brigade
Regiment
陸軍中佐
(Rikugun-Chūsa)
Lieutenant Colonel 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―中佐.svg Regiment
Battalion
陸軍少佐
(Rikugun-Shōsa)
Major 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―少佐.svg Battalion
陸軍大尉
(Rikugun-Tai-i)
Captain 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大尉.svg Battalion
Company
陸軍中尉
(Rikugun-Chūi)
First Lieutenant 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―中尉.svg Company
Platoon
陸軍少尉
(Rikugun-Shōi)
Second Lieutenant 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―少尉.svg Platoon

Warrant Officer & Enlisted ranks

All-forces ranks English translation Collar insignia Usual command
准尉
(Jun-i)
(Associate Officer)
Warrant Officer 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―准尉.svg Platoon
曹長
(Sōchō)
Sergeant Major 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―曹長.svg
軍曹
(Gunsō)
Sergeant 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―軍曹.svg Squad
伍長
(Gochō)
Corporal 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―伍長.svg
兵長
(Heichō (Leading Soldier))
伍長勤務上等兵
(Gochō Kinmu jōtōhei (Senior Soldier acting as Corporal))
Lance Corporal
Second Corporal
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―兵長.svg
上等兵
(Jōtōhei (Senior Soldier))
Superior Private
(Specialist)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―上等兵.svg None
一等兵
(Ittōhei (Soldier First Class))
Private 1st Class 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―一等兵.svg
二等兵
(Nitōhei (Soldier Second Class))
Private 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―二等兵.svg

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The purpose is to appoint young general officers at the end of World War II.
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