Running survey

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A running survey is a rough survey made by a vessel while coasting. Bearings to landmarks are taken at intervals as the vessel sails offshore, and are used to fix features on the coast and further inland. Intervening coastal detail is sketched in.[1]

The method was used by James Cook,[2][3][4] and subsequently by navigators who sailed under—or were influenced by—him, including George Vancouver,[5] William Bligh and Matthew Flinders.[6]


  1. ^ Ministry of Defence (1987), Admiralty manual of navigation. Volume 1. General navigation, Coastal Navigation and Pilotage, HMSO, p. 527, ISBN 0-11-772880-2
  2. ^ Ritchie, G. S. (April 1970), "Developments in British Hydrography Since the Days of Captain Cook", Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, Journal, 118 (5165): 270–283
  3. ^ Ritchie, G. S. (1978), "Captain Cook's influence on hydrographic surveying", Pacific Studies, 1: 78–95, retrieved 2011-08-06
  4. ^ Snowdon, K. J. (1984), "Captain Cook as a Hydrographer", Cook's Log, Captain Cook Society, 7 (4): 290, ISSN 1358-0639, retrieved 2011-08-10
  5. ^ David, Andrew (1993). "Vancouver's Survey Methods and Surveys". In Fisher, Robin; Johnston, Hugh J. M. (eds.). From maps to metaphors: the Pacific world of George Vancouver. Vancouver: UBC Press. pp. 51–68. ISBN 978-0-7748-0470-7.
  6. ^ Flinders, Matthew (1814). A Voyage to Terra Australis. Pall Mall: G. and W. Nicol.
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