Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

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This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

How seniority is calculated

Members of the House are arranged by the number of terms they have served, before being arranged by the beginning date of their most recent continuous service. Where members have served the same number of terms and have the same date of service, they are arranged alphabetically by last name.[1]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[2] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

Vacancies

Current seniority list

Rank Member Party District Seniority date
Previous service (if any)[b]
Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973 Dean of the House
2 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981  
3 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
4 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
5 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
6 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
7 Fred Upton R Michigan 6  
8 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
9 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
10 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 January 3, 1989 Chair: Ways and Means
11 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997
1987–1995
 
12 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991 Chair: Appropriations
13 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
14 Jerry Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
15 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003
1983–1995
 
16 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993
17 Ken Calvert R California 42
18 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
19 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
20 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
21 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
22 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
23 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
24 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
25 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
26 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
27 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
28 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
29 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
30 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
31 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
32 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
33 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996
34 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
35 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
36 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
37 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
38 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
39 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
40 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
41 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
42 Brad Sherman D California 30
43 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
44 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998 Chair: Foreign Affairs
45 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998  
46 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011
1995–2009
47 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999
48 Grace Napolitano D California 32
49 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
50 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
51 Mike Thompson D California 5
52 Pete Sessions R Texas 17 January 3, 2021
1997–2019
53 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 January 3, 2001 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
54 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
55 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
56 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
57 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
58 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
59 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
60 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26 January 3, 2003
61 John Carter R Texas 31
62 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
63 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
64 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
65 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
66 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Armed Services
67 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
68 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
69 Linda Sánchez D California 38
70 David Scott D Georgia 13 Chair: Agriculture
71 Mike Turner R Ohio 10  
72 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
73 Darrell Issa R California 50 January 3, 2021
2001–2019
74 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
75 Jim Costa D California 16
76 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
77 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
78 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
79 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
80 Al Green D Texas 9
81 Brian Higgins D New York 26
82 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
83 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
84 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
85 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
86 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
87 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
88 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
89 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
90 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
91 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
92 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
93 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
94 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
95 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
96 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Judiciary
97 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
98 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
99 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
100 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
101 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
102 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
103 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
104 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
105 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
106 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
107 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
108 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
109 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
110 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
111 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
112 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
113 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
114 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3 Ranking Member: Small Business
115 Tom McClintock R California 4  
116 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
117 Bill Posey R Florida 8
118 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5
119 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15 Ranking Member: Agriculture
120 Paul Tonko D New York 20  
121 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
122 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
123 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
124 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
125 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010  
126 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011
2007–2009
127 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013
2008–2011
128 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020
1987–1996
129 Karen Bass D California 37 January 3, 2011
130 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
131 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
132 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
133 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
134 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
135 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
136 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
137 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
138 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
139 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
140 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
141 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
142 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
143 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
144 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
145 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
146 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
147 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
148 Billy Long R Missouri 7
149 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
150 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
151 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
152 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
153 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
154 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
155 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
156 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
157 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
158 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
159 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
160 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
161 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
162 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
163 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
164 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013
2009–2011
165 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6 January 3, 2013
166 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
167 Ami Bera D California 7
168 Julia Brownley D California 26
169 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
170 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
171 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
172 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
173 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
174 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
175 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
176 Jared Huffman D California 2
177 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
178 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
179 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
180 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
181 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
182 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
183 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
184 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
185 Grace Meng D New York 6
186 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
187 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
188 Scott Peters D California 52
189 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
190 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
191 Raul Ruiz D California 36
192 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
193 Eric Swalwell D California 15
194 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
195 Juan Vargas D California 51  
196 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
197 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
198 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
199 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2 Ranking Member: Ethics
200 Randy Weber R Texas 14  
201 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
202 Roger Williams R Texas 25
203 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
204 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013 Ranking Member: Budget
205 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013 Assistant Speaker
206 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014  
207 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
208 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019
2009–2011; 2013–2017
209 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 January 3, 2019
2002–2007
210 Pete Aguilar D California 31 January 3, 2015
211 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
212 Brian Babin R Texas 36
213 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
214 Mike Bost R Illinois 12 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
215 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2  
216 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
217 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
218 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
219 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
220 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
221 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
222 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
223 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
224 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
225 French Hill R Arkansas 2
226 John Katko R New York 24 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
227 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14  
228 Ted Lieu D California 33
229 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
230 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
231 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
232 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
233 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
234 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
235 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
236 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
237 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
238 Norma Torres D California 35
239 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
240 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
241 Lee Zeldin R New York 1  
242 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
243 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
244 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
245 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
246 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
247 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017
2013–2015
248 David Valadao R California 21 January 3, 2021
2013–2019
249 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19 January 3, 2017
250 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
251 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
252 Nanette Barragan D California 44
253 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
254 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
255 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
256 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
257 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
258 Salud Carbajal D California 24
259 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
260 Lou Correa D California 46
261 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
262 Val Demings D Florida 10
263 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
264 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
265 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
266 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
267 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
268 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
269 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 15
270 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
271 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
272 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
273 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
274 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
275 Ro Khanna D California 17
276 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
277 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
278 Al Lawson D Florida 5
279 Brian Mast R Florida 18
280 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
281 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
282 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
283 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
284 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
285 John Rutherford R Florida 4
286 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
287 Darren Soto D Florida 9
288 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
289 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
290 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
291 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
292 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
293 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
294 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
295 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
296 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
297 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
298 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
299 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
300 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
301 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019
2013–2015
302 Colin Allred D Texas 32 January 3, 2019
303 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
304 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
305 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
306 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
307 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
308 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
309 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
310 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
311 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
312 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
313 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
314 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
315 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
316 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
317 Chuy García D Illinois 4
318 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
319 Jared Golden D Maine 2
320 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
321 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
322 Mark E. Green R Tennessee 7
323 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
324 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
325 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
326 Josh Harder D California 10
327 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
328 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
329 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
330 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
331 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
332 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
333 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
334 Mike Levin D California 49
335 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
336 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
337 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
338 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
339 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
340 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
341 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
342 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
343 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
344 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
345 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
346 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
347 Katie Porter D California 45
348 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
349 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
350 John Rose R Tennessee 6
351 Chip Roy R Texas 21
352 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
353 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
354 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
355 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
356 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
357 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
358 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
359 Greg Steube R Florida 17
360 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
361 Van Taylor R Texas 3
362 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
363 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
364 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
365 David Trone D Maryland 6
366 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
367 Jeff Van Drew R[c] New Jersey 2
368 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
369 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
370 Ron Wright R Texas 6
371 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
372 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
373 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
374 Mike Garcia R California 25 May 12, 2020
375 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
376 Chris Jacobs R New York 27 June 23, 2020
377 Jake Auchincloss D Massachusetts 4 January 3, 2021
378 Cliff Bentz R Oregon 2
379 Stephanie Bice R Oklahoma 5
380 Lauren Boebert R Colorado 3
381 Carolyn Bourdeaux D Georgia 7
382 Jamaal Bowman D New York 16
383 Cori Bush D Missouri 1
384 Kat Cammack R Florida 3
385 Jerry Carl R Alabama 1
386 Madison Cawthorn R North Carolina 11
387 Andrew Clyde R Georgia 9
388 Byron Donalds R Florida 19
389 Pat Fallon R Texas 4
390 Randy Feenstra R Iowa 4
391 Michelle Fischbach R Minnesota 7
392 Scott L. Fitzgerald R Wisconsin 5
393 Scott Franklin R Florida 15
394 Andrew Garbarino R New York 2
395 Carlos A. Giménez R Florida 26
396 Tony Gonzales R Texas 23
397 Bob Good R Virginia 5
398 Marjorie Taylor Greene R Georgia 14
399 Diana Harshbarger R Tennessee 1
400 Yvette Herrell R New Mexico 2
401 Ashley Hinson R Iowa 1
402 Kai Kahele D Hawaii 2
403 Young Kim R California 39
404 Ronny Jackson R Texas 13
405 Sara Jacobs D California 53
406 Mondaire Jones D New York 17
407 Jake LaTurner R Kansas 2
408 Teresa Leger Fernandez D New Mexico 3
409 Nancy Mace R South Carolina 1
410 Nicole Malliotakis R New York 11
411 Tracey Mann R Kansas 1
412 Kathy Manning D North Carolina 6
413 Lisa McClain R Michigan 10
414 Peter Meijer R Michigan 3
415 Mary Miller R Illinois 15
416 Mariannette Miller-Meeks R Iowa 2
417 Barry Moore R Alabama 2
418 Blake Moore R Utah 1
419 Frank J. Mrvan D Indiana 1
420 Troy Nehls R Texas 22
421 Marie Newman D Illinois 3
422 Jay Obernolte R California 8
423 Burgess Owens R Utah 4
424 August Pfluger R Texas 11
425 Matt Rosendale R Montana at-large
426 Deborah K. Ross D North Carolina 2
427 Maria Elvira Salazar R Florida 27
428 Victoria Spartz R Indiana 5
429 Michelle Steel R California 48
430 Marilyn Strickland D Washington 10
431 Ritchie Torres D New York 15
432 Beth Van Duyne R Texas 24
433 Nikema Williams D Georgia 5
Rank Member Party District Seniority date
Previous service (if any)[b]
Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(Previous service, if any)
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

References

  1. ^ "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives". Historian of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.

External links

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