The Washington Post (march)
"The Washington Post" (often called "The Washington Post March") is a march composed by John Philip Sousa in 1889. Since then, it has remained as one of his most popular marches throughout the United States and many other countries.
In 1889, the recent purchasers of The Washington Post newspaper—Frank Hatton, a former Postmaster General, and Beriah Wilkins, a former Democratic congressman from Ohio—requested that Sousa, the leader of the United States Marine Band, compose a march for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony, in conjunction with a campaign to promote the newspaper under new ownership. Sousa obliged; "The Washington Post" was introduced at a ceremony on June 15, 1889, “with President Benjamin Harrison in attendance” before “a huge crowd on the grounds of the Smithsonian Museum.” It quickly became quite popular in both the United States and Europe as the standard musical accompaniment to the two-step, a late 19th-century dance craze. This led to a British journalist dubbing Sousa "The March King". Sousa is honored in The Washington Post building for his contribution to the newspaper and his country.
During the award ceremony the young essay contest winners were presented with gold medals, that were hand-crafted by local jewelers Galt & Bro., with each having a unique designs and custom engravings.
The opening strain of the march is famous and familiar to many. Typically, the march is played at a tempo of 110 to 120 beats per minute, rarely any faster.
March enthusiasts have argued that the trio sections' mellow and moving phrases are among Sousa's most musical. Six sudden eighth notes move the melody along. Its unusually calm break strain is a simple adaptation of the trio melody. It then moves on to the first trio repeat, where the low brass begins an even more mellow countermelody.
The "two step" became so strongly identified with Sousa's march that the dance was often called "The Washington Post".
Although many recordings of this march have been made over the years, the original recording of the march played by the United States Marine Band, conducted by Sousa's concertmaster, was made on Graphophone cylinder for the fledgling Columbia Records company in Washington, D.C., in 1890, catalogue Columbia Cylinder Military #8. It has been reissued in the compact disc era in 1999 by Legacy International as March King: John Philip Sousa Conducts His Own Marches, and as the earliest track of its 26-disc compendium of the history of the Columbia label, Sony Music 100 Years: Soundtrack For A Century. In 1893, this march was recorded on North American Phonograph Company cylinder #613 by Foh's 23rd Regiment Band of New York. This acoustical recording, unlike many others, has audible, clear, well-recorded drums.
- Washington Post by "The President's Own" United States Marine Band: Modern 2016 PDF (2-page portrait), MP3, and video combining those
- Washington Post by The Sousa Project: scanned PDF (landscape), LilyPond, generated PDF (1-page portrait)
- Washington Post scanned PDF (landscape) of the 1889 Carl Fisher release
- The Washington Post: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- "The Washington Post March". YouTube, “The President’s Own”. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Washington Post Company History (1875 to 1899)
- "John Philip Sousa Collection". University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009.
- WETA. "The Washington Post Celebrates Young Authors With One of the Most Famous Pieces of Music in History". Boundary Stones: WETA's Washington DC History Blog. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- James Haskins and Kathleen Benson, Scott Joplin: the Man Who Made Ragtime pp 74, Doubleday and Company, 1978. ISBN 0-385-11155-X
- Sousa himself wanted nothing to do with graphophone cylinders, or as he said, "canned music".
- Collected Works of the 23rd Regiment Band at archive.org
- Media related to The Washington Post (march) at Wikimedia Commons