Thomas W. Miller
Thomas W. Miller
|Chairman of The American Legion|
National Legislative Committee
1919 – 1920
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||John T. Taylor|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Delaware's At-large district
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1917
|Preceded by||Franklin Brockson|
|Succeeded by||Albert F. Polk|
Thomas Woodnutt Miller
June 26, 1886
Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.
|Died||May 5, 1973 (aged 86)|
Reno, Nevada, U.S.
|Alma mater||Yale University (BA)|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1917–1919|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Thomas Woodnutt Miller (June 26, 1886 – May 5, 1973) was an American politician serving as a Republican U.S. Representative for Delaware's At-large congressional district. He was a veteran of World War I and a member of The American Legion, who served as a National Legislative Committee chairman.
Early life and education
Thomas Woodnutt Miller was born in Wilmington, Delaware, son of Governor Charles R. and Abigail Morgan Woodnutt Miller. He attended The Hotchkiss School and graduated from Yale University in 1908. He was initially employed as a steel roller by the Bethlehem Steel Company in 1908 and 1909.
Miller worked as secretary to U.S. Representative William H. Heald from 1910 until 1912, and during this period studied law in Washington, D.C.. He was appointed by his father, Governor Charles R. Miller, to the position of Delaware Secretary of State from 1913 until 1915.
Miller was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1914, defeating incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative Franklin Brockson. During this term, he served in the Republican minority in the 64th Congress. Seeking reelection in 1916, he lost to Democrat Albert F. Polk, a lawyer from Georgetown. Miller served from March 4, 1915, until March 3, 1917, during the administration of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.
World War I
When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Miller enlisted as a private in the Infantry of the United States Army, and served in France with the Seventy-ninth Division. He was cited by General John Pershing for "especially meritorious and conspicuous service" in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and awarded the Purple Heart for his service. For this, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and served until discharged in September 1919. Miller was a founder and incorporator of the The American Legion and vice chairman of the Paris caucus in March 1919. He was also Alien Property Custodian from 1921 until 1925 and a member of the American Battle Monuments Commission from 1923 until 1926.
Conviction and parole
Miller served in the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding, but was convicted in 1927 of conspiring to defraud the U.S. government. The conviction concerned Miller's service as Alien Property Custodian and the effort by Metallgesellschaft AG of Germany to overturn the U.S. government's confiscation of its interest in the American Metal Company during World War I. He served 18 months in prison. He was paroled in 1929 and pardoned by United States President Herbert Hoover in 1933.
Later life and death
At this point, Miller moved to Reno, Nevada, where he would spend the rest of his life. There he became the founder of Nevada State parks system and served as chairman of the Nevada State Park Commission in 1935, 1936, from 1953 to 1959, and from 1967 to 1973. He also continued his activity in veteran’s affairs as staff field representative of the United States Veterans' Employment Service from 1945 until 1957. He died in Reno, Nevada on May 5, 1973, and was buried in the Masonic Memorial Gardens in Reno.
Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. U.S. Representatives took office March 4 and have a two-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||Notes|
|Secretary of State of Delaware||Executive||Dover||1913||1915||Delaware|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||March 4, 1915||March 3, 1917|
|United States Congressional service|
|1915–1917||64th||U.S. House||Democratic||Woodrow Wilson||At-large|
|1914||U.S. Representative||Thomas W. Miller||Republican||22,922||50%||Franklin Brockson||Democratic||20,681||45%|
|1916||U.S. Representative||Thomas W. Miller||Republican||24,202||47%||Albert F. Polk||Democratic||24,395||48%|
- Time, March 31, 1930, "National Affairs: Ohio Gangster"
- Miller v. United States, 24 F.2d 353 (2nd Cir. 1928).
- Martin, Roger A. (1984). A History of Delaware Through its Governors. Wilmington, Delaware: McClafferty Press.
- Thomas W. Miller at Find a Grave
- Thomas W. Miller at The Political Graveyard
- United States Congress. "Thomas W. Miller (id: M000758)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Works by or about Thomas W. Miller at Internet Archive
- Works by or about Thomas W. Miller in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's at-large congressional district
Albert F. Polk
|Non-profit organization positions|
|New office|| Chairman of The American Legion National Legislative Committee
1919 – 1920
John T. Taylor