ម៉ានីល

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City of Manila
Lungsod ng Maynila
Capital City
(From top, left to right): Skyline as seen from the Manila Bay, Manila Central Post Office, Manila City Hall, Rizal Monument, Binondo, Malacañang Palace, Manila Bay, Church of Tondo

Flag

ត្រា
រហស្សនាម: Pearl of the Orient[១]
The City of Our Affections
Distinguished and Ever Loyal City
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of the city of Manila
ម៉ានីល is located in Philippines
City of Manila
Map of the Philippines showing the location of Manila
កូអរដោនេ: 14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967Coordinates: 14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967
Country Philippines
RegionNational Capital Region
Districts1st to 6th districts of Manila
Kingdom of Maynila1500s
Spanish City of ManilaJune 24, 1571
Barangays897
រដ្ឋាភិបាល[២]
 • ប្រភេទMayor–council
 • MayorJoseph Estrada (UNA)
 • Vice MayorIsko Moreno (UNA)
 • Representatives
 • City Council
ផ្ទៃក្រឡា
 • Capital City៣៨,៥៥ គម (១៤,៨៨ ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Urban១៤៧៤,៨២ គម (៥៦៩,៤៣ ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Metro៦៣៨,៥៥ គម (២៤៦,៥៥ ម៉ាយ ការ)
រយៈកំពស់១៦,០ ម (៥២,៥ ភ)
ប្រជាជន (2010)[៣]
 • Capital City១៦៥២១៧១
 • សន្ទភាព៤២៨៥៨/គម (១១១០០០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Urban២១,៩៥១,០០០
 • Urban density១៥,៤០០/គម (៣៩,៨៩/ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Metro១១៨៥៥៩៧៥
 • Metro density១៨៥៦៧/គម (៤៨០៩០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
ប្រជានាមManileño (m) / Manileña (f), Manilan
ល្វែងម៉ោងPST (ម.ស.ស.+8)
ZIP code0900 to 1096
Area code2
គេហទំព័រmanila.gov.ph

ម៉ានីល (អង់គ្លេសManila /məˈnɪlə/; Filipino ៖ [Maynila] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help), [majˈnilaʔ]) គឺជារដ្ឋធានី និងជាទីក្រុងធំទី២នៃប្រទេសហ្វីលីពីន។ It is one of the sixteen cities (along with the municipality of Pateros) that make up the National Capital Region called Metro Manila which has a population of 12 million.

The City of Manila is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is bordered by the cities of Navotas and Caloocan to the north; Quezon City to the northeast; San Juan to the northeast; Mandaluyong to the east; Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south.

Manila has a total population of 1,652,171 according to the 2010 census[៣] and is the second most populous city in the Philippines, behind Quezon City. The populace inhabit an area of only 38.55 square kilometers, making Manila the most densely populated city in the world.[៤][៥]

The city is divided into six legislative districts and consists of sixteen areas: Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andres, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo. Bustling commerce and some of the most historically and culturally significant iconic landmarks in the country, as well as the seat of the executive and judicial branches of the government are found in the city. Manila is also home to many scientific and educational institutions, numerous sport facilities, and other culturally and historically significant venues.

Listed as a global city, Manila has its strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport making it the historical, cultural, political, economic and educational center of the Philippines.[៦]

The earliest written account of the city is the 10th-century Laguna Copperplate Inscription which describes a context of an Indianised kingdom maintaining diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Medang. The city was invaded by Brunei's Sultan Bolkiah and was already Islamized by the 15th century when the Spanish Conquistadors first arrived. Manila eventually became the center of Spanish activity in the Far East and one end of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade route linking Latin America and Asia. The city would eventually be given the moniker of the "Pearl of the Orient", as a result of its central location in the vital Pacific sea trade routes. Several Chinese insurrections, local revolts, a British Occupation and a Sepoy mutiny also occurred shortly thereafter. Manila also saw the rise of the Philippine Revolution which was followed by the arrival of the Americans who made contributions to the city's urban planning and development only to have most of those improvements lost in the devastation of World War II. Since then the city has been rebuilt.

  1. "'PEARL OF ORIENT' STRIPPED OF FOOD; Manila, Before Pearl Harbor, Had Been Prosperous—Its Harbor One of Best Focus for Two Attacks Osmeña Succeeded Quezon" New York Times 1945-02-05 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 18-06-10 Manila, modernized and elevated to the status of a metropolis by American engineering skill, was before Pearl Harbor a city of 623,000 population, contained in an area of fourteen square miles. Check date values in: |accessdate= (ជំនួយ)
  2. "Cities" Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 30 November 2012
  3. ៣,០ ៣,១ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF) 2010 Census of Population and Housing National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 6 April 2012
  4. Carbone, Nick (October 26, 2011) "The 10 Fastest-Growing Cities of Tomorrow" TIME ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 28 March 2013
  5. "World's Densest Cities" Forbes Magazine ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2010-05-04
  6. "The World According to GaWC 2008" Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) Loughborough University ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 7 December 2009
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