Khmer New Year

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Cambodian New Year
[[File:Sangkrant angel Cambodia.jpg|250px|Cambodian New Year]]
Seven angel sangkrant national TV show 2014
ឈ្មោះផ្លូវការ

Cambodian New Year

បុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំថ្មី
Also called Choul Chnam Thmey
ប្រារព្ធដោយ Khmers
Significance Marks the Cambodian New Year
Begins 14 April
Ends 16 April
កាលបរិច្ឆេទ 14 April
Related to South and Southeast Asian New Year

Khmer New Year is the New Year's celebration dates back to ancient times and long ago, and a large part is linked to Hinduism in India and Sri Lanka. "Khmer New Year" is the name of Cambodian festivals, which celebrate New Year's Eve in the traditional lunar calendar. Actually, the ancient year of the ancient year, in January, according to the diary of Zhou Daguan which came to the Khmer Empire in 1296 AD, the 13th century later, changed in April to Sorya And it's right, and the months of the harvest season. The three-day holiday begins on New Year's Day, usually on April 13th or 14th, at the end of the harvest season when farmers enjoy their crops before the rainy season begins. Cambodians living abroad can choose to celebrate during the weekend rather than on April 13 to April 16. Khmer New Year coincided with the new year of sunlight in parts of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand.In the Khmer New Year, there are also related legends by Cambodian Owner Professors​ Treong Ngea 1969 about the parable of the three parallels between the god of Brahmā (four faces) with the god of Vishnu has was born into a boy named "Tommabal Komar" has both aesthetic animal language and learned many other scriptures and turned to Buddhism.[[១]][[២]][[៣]]

History Of Khmer New Year

All nation in the world celebrate new year every year with different date and preparation according to their traditional Cultures.Cambodia People also celebrate new year every year since ancient time.it's among biggest and colorful celebrations of the of the year.Khmer new year in Khmer Chol Chhnam Thmey entering new year. During Angkor era,Khmer celebrated new year based on the lunar solar calendar.According to Chinese diplomat, Zhou Daguan he arrived at Angkor in August 1296 and he stay at Khmer empire 1 years in 13th century recorded that Khmer celebrated new year in the the Khmer calendar is Mikaser (មិគសិរ) which fell on January of Chinese calendar. After Angkor period, the new year celebration date has been changed, because Cambodian use both lunar moon solar and sun solar calendar.The current new year celebration date was determined based on solar calendar, which typically falls on April 13th or 14th of the Gregorian calendar.And this date is set as official new year day for Cambodians today.Cambodian practice the tradition and reinforce their beliefs about heaven, earth,and hell,good and bad,in which the result people got is from their deeds in their life.And so this life of living they shall do many good deeds for the next better life.There is a legend related to Khmer new year,that people believe that every new year there is one new angel come to take care the earth and people.[[៤]][[៥]][[៦]] [[៧]]

Khmer New Year Legend

The history of Khmer New Year related to the celestial period as follows: It is said that at the beginning of the Hindu-Buddhist period, There was a rich man he respected Buddhism and he has a son called "Tommabal Komar" "Tommabal Komar" has excellent knowledge of the animal language and has learned to stop the Trinity at age 9. The father built a chapel for a child's education to be a meditation , Children's Instruction "Tommabal Komar" "became a young priest, a bridesmaid, a preacher of all kinds of people in Buddhism, At that time the sowing of Buddhism for the administration of children was well-known to Brahma,"Divinity 4", is a happy wedding to all people in religious rituals.Then Brahma looked at and wondered, Why the Vishnu god were born into the "Tommabal Komar" , And go back to Buddhism! Brahma just want to win the Vishnu of a child's education . Brahma also became a Brahmin to come down to the "3" Parables for "Tommabal Komar" . Promising that if I got acquainted, I would have sucked up and bowed my head to the "Tommabal Komar" But if the cure for the child is not successful, then the cat and the head of the "Tommabal Komar".Children ask for a delay of seven days to parse a parable. After six days, I still do not realize that this morning will be the death of a real criminal, so I should go to hide and hide. The Child's Exploitation has been rested on a Palm tree, a hive of twin eagles. The eagle is the body of the King of Garuda, the vehicle of the Vishnu that is waiting to help him,because Vishnu is born into avatar human.

Cambodia New Year Legend
Khmer New Year Legend
Brahma Lose his head to "Tommabal Komar"
  • The two eagle were talking to one another :
  • The female eagle asked, "What am we eating this morning?
  • The male eagle answers, "We will eat the "Tommabal Komar" for Kelp altars because they can not be cleared.
  • The female eagle asked how the parable? - The male eagle answer: Where is the morning of Glory? "The first parable must be answered in front of it," so all people will have to wash their face in the morning.
  • The male eagle Continues Where is the Noon of Glory? "The second parable has to answer in the chest," so it's hot in the middle of the day, so people have to wash their chest to daytime.
  • The male eagle continues: Where is the sunset at night sleep? "The third parable has to say that at the feet, people wash their feet and go to bed at night dream.

The children's teachings have been heard so much, and they are back to the spiritual realm to date on the seventh day, the last Sunday. Subsequently, the children's "Tommabal Komar" answered the parable of the Brahmin, and Brahmin was also willing to lose and beheaded for sacrifice. The Brahmin, before and beheaded, transform back to the Brahma, and called his seven angel daughters, saying that now his father had to cut the incense bowl for the pedagogical child's parable. But if his head on the earth will be a fire of the earth, and if it falls to the air and there is no rain, dumped in the ocean and dried up, then let the seven daughters take the head of the father's When the word was over, Brahma also cut off his head and handed her to "Tungsak Tevi" the eldest daughter the angel of Sunday . (Tungsak Tevi) took the head of the father and flew over 60 minutes of the Royal Periodic Monument, taking the headquarters of the Father in a cemetery in the cemetery of Kant Mealy of Pagoda, and worshiping other gods. Later, the seven angel goddesses adopted the Child Discourse, which came to be known as the called (God Pishnuka) mean "Son of the God" and her gave to the seven glasses Gems called (Pheak Kak Votey Soaphea) mean the "paradise of parliament" to the Tommabal Komar.

  • Red Gems (the name of the​​ "Butom Reach") Carved as statues Indra goddess of light.
  • Purple Gems (the name of the "Bok Kda") Put in the bow of the "God Pishnuka" and Connected The Rama Khmer Call "Ream".
  • Blue Gems (the name of the Mura), which finally became her's "Arakhak Tevi" Connected the story Manimekhala, the angel Keep the Ocean and represents the Thunder.
  • Yellow Gems (the name of the "Pi Tur") As eyeglasses in the eyes of Maitreya Buddha statue the last Buddha Khmer Call "Preh Siare mitrey".
  • Green Gems (the name of the "Morokot") Carved as statues Emerald Buddha 46 BC From "Dhama" India and Connected Khmer New Year third day Buddhists wash the Buddha statues and The Legend Emerald Buddha leaved Cambodia 1593 AD
  • White Jade (the name of the "Bosak Reakaom") Born White Monkey Call Hanuman.
  • Black Gems Nickel (the name of the "Nil Roth") Born Black Monkey Call Nilpheak​​ The Messenger of Rama.

All seven gems Connected to the story "Reamker" (រាមកេរ្ត៍), Finally the Seven angel Cambodia take the head Brahma father and flew over 60 minutes Circle of the Mt "Mount Kailash" and taking the headquarters of the father in a cemetery in the cemetery of Kant Mealy of Pagoda paradise, and worshiping other gods at the Mt "Phnom Preah So Mae" mean Mt Mount Meru.

Following table lists names of Lady Sangkrant and her action characteristics [[៨]]

Day Of Weak & Color Skirt Names Ear Flower Color Clothing Jewellery Gems Eating Food Right Hand Weapons Left Hand Weapons Vehicle
     Sunday Sun Angel (Tungsak Tevi) Pomegranate flowers Red Ruby

(Red Gems)

Fig

(Fruit)

Wind and fire wheels Fire Conch Garuda
     Monday Moon Angel (Korea Keak Tevi) Millingtonia Yellow Amethyst

(Purple Gems)

Oil Short Sword Walking stick Tiger
     Tueday Mars Angel (Reaksak-Sa Tevi) Lotus flower Black Sapphire

(Blue Gems)

Blood Trident Bow and Arrow Horse
     Wednesday Mercury (planet) Angel (Mondia Tevi) Plumeria Sky blue Chatoyancy

(Yellow Gems)

Milk Sewing needle Walking stick Donkey
     Thursday Jupiter Angel (Kerinney Tevi) Magnolia Green Emerald Bean & Sesame Elephant goad Crossbow Elephant
     Friday Venus Angel (Kemera Tevi) Nymphaeaceae White White Jade Green Banana Short Sword Harp Water Buffalo
     Saturday Saturn Angel (Mohoa Tor rea Tevi) Jasmine Dark Blue Onyx

(Black Gems)

Venison Wind and fire wheels Trident Peacock
  • If She goes out at morning to noon (She standing her vehicle) 6 : 00 AM > 12 : 00 PM
  • If She goes out at noon to evening (She sits on a curve her vehicle) 12 : 00 PM > 6 : 00 PM
  • If She goes out at evening to midnight (She sleep open eye her vehicle) 6 : 00 PM > 12 : AM
  • If She goes out at midnight to early morning (She sleep closed eye her vehicle ) 12 : 00 AM > 6 : 00 AM

Explain the sources of the seven angels Sangkrant Cambodia

Brahma is the most important deity of Brahmanism, because he is the creator of all natural beings, the philosopher, the builder.

Characteristics of Brahma[[៩]]

  • Four faces
  • Four Hands Holding : The script ,Lotus flower,Vase, Dishes & spoon
  • Red body
  • Vehicles : Swan
  • First wife, Gayatri, she does not have any children, her husband Brahma gave to seven beat in Vase and She drink after she has the seven daughters * Name : 1-(Tungsak Tevi) 2-(Korea Keak Tevi) 3-(Reaksak-Sa Tevi) 4-(Mondia Tevi) 5-(Kerinney Tevi) 6-(Kemera Tevi) 7-(Mohoa Tor rea Tevi) the icon The seven days on earth.
  • Her second wife, Saraswati, she has three children: (Teaksak) (Phukeak) (Sonthiya)

The three days of the new year

Traditionally,Khmer New Year is celebrated within three days.Day one is called Moha Sangkrant (មហាសង្ក្រាន្ត),Day two is called Virak Vanabat (វិរ:វ័នបត) and Day three is called Vearak Loeng Sak (វារៈឡើងស័ក) At the time of new year angel coming to earth is always different from each year.People based on the time written is Moha Sangkrant which is predict by Hoara (astrologer) in Cambodia Royal Palace.When it's the time angel come, at the offering table,people startes to light candle and burn incense sticks,praying to the new year angel for health,happiness and wealth.And they will pray like this.

Moha Sangkrant (មហាសង្រ្កាន្ត)

Moha Sangkrant : (មហាសង្ក្រាន្ត)', is the Khmer New Year's national holiday. Moha Sankrant, is the name of the first day of the new year celebration. It is the end of the year and the beginning of a new one. Moha mean the Big and Sangkrant mean the journey of the Sun.and the first day of the angel become earth. Moha Sangkrant is 13 April every year, but the holiday period extends from 14–15 April and some time from 16 April. Moha Sangkrant Khmer Festival' extended to seven-day holiday,The word "Moha Sangkrant" comes from the Sanskrit word saṃkrānti (Devanāgarī: संक्रांति),[១] literally "astrological passage", meaning transformation or change. The term was borrowed from Makar Sankranti, the name of a Hindu harvest festival celebrated in India in January to mark the arrival of spring. It coincides with the rising of Aries on the astrological chart and with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia, in keeping with the Buddhist/Hindu solar calendar.<ref>"Buddhist calendar"។ 2018-07-19https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist_calendar 

Virak Vanabat (វិរ:វ័នបត)

Vireak Vanabat is the name of the second day of the new year celebration.the angel take the head Brahma and flew over 60 minutes fly circle of the Mountain "Mount Kailash" and taking the headquarters of the father in a cemetery in the cemetery of Kant Mealy of Pagoda paradise, and worshiping other gods at the Mt "Phnom Preah So Mae" mean Mt Mount Meru.People contribute charity to the less fortunate by helping the poor, servants, homeless, and low-income families. Families attend a dedication ceremony to their ancestors at monasteries.

Vearak Loeng Sak (វារៈឡើងស័ក)

T'ngai Loeng Sak in Khmer is the name of the third day of the new year celebration.The angel Change the year of the animal Zodiac [[១០]].and​ the connected history extract God​ of Emerald Buddha 46 BC, Buddhists wash the Buddha statues and their elders with perfumed water. Bathing the Buddha images is a symbolic practice to wash bad actions away like water clean dirt from household items. It is also thought to be a kind deed that will bring longevity, good luck, happiness and prosperity in life. Son and Daughter wash their parents for gratitude Of giving birth.

Dates in Khmer calendar [[១១]]

Gregorian Date Animal Day of the week Gregorian Date Animal Day of the week
2001 13 April Snake Friday 2026 13 April Horse Tuesday
2002 13 April Horse Saturday 2027 13 April Goat Thursday
2003 13 April Goat Sunday 2028 13 April Monkey Saturday
2004 13 April Monkey Tuesday 2029 13 April Rooster Sunday
2005 13 April Rooster Wednesday 2030 13 April Dog Monday
2006 13 April Dog Thursday 2031 13 April Pig Tuesday
2007 13 April Pig Friday 2032 13 April Rat Thursday
2008 13 April Rat Sunday 2033 13 April Ox Friday
2009 13 April Ox Monday 2034 13 April Tiger Saturday
2010 13 April Tiger Tuesday 2035 13 April Rabbit Sunday
2011 13 April Rabbit Wednesday 2036 13 April Dragon Tuesday
2012 13 April Dragon Friday 2037 13 April Snake Wednesday
2013 13 April Snake Saturday 2038 13 April Horse Thursday
2014 13 April Horse Sunday 2039 13 April Goat Friday
2015 13 April Goat Monday 2040 13 April Monkey Sunday
2016 13 April Monkey Wednesday 2041 13 April Rooster Monday
2017 14 April Rooster Friday 2042 13 April Dog Tuesday
2018 14 April Dog Saturday 2043 13 April Pig Wednesday
2019 14 April Pig Sunday 2044 13 April Rat Friday
2020 13 April Rat Monday 2045 13 April Ox Saturday
2021 13 April Ox Tuesday 2046 13 April Tiger Sunday
2022 13 April Tiger Thursday 2047 13 April Rabbit Monday
2023 13 April Rabbit Friday 2048 13 April Dragon Wednesday
2024 13 April Dragon Sunday 2049 13 April Snake Thursday
2025 13 April Snake Monday 2050 13 April Horse Friday

See also

Notes *

  • Inscription Tep Brahnom Temple K.195
  • Inscription Phnom Sondok Temple K.392
  • Inscription Beng Mealea Temple K.185
  • Moha Sangkrant Book Of Cambodian 1969 By Cambodian Owner Professors​ Treong Ngea but this book lost by Khmer Rouge 1975
  • The record of the Khmer New Year's Eve by Zhou Daguan, 1296 AD,

References

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