Khmer New Year

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ទំព័រគំរូ:Short description

Khmer New Year
[[File:Songkrant Angels.jpg|220px|Khmer New Year]]
Sangkrant Angels Cambodia Credit Photos By (កញ្ញា Website 2015)
ឈ្មោះផ្លូវការ

Khmer New Year

បុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំខ្មែរ
Also called Choul Chnam Khmer
ប្រារព្ធដោយ Khmers
ប្រភេទ Asian festival

Dj tour

Cambodian New Year (ខ្មែរបុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំថ្មី) (Choul Chnam Thmey, literally "Enter New Year"), is the name of the Cambodian holiday that celebrates the traditional Lunar New Year.[១] Khmer New Year (ខ្មែរបុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំខ្មែរ) (Choul Chnam Khmer, literally "Enter New Year"), is the name of the Cambodian holiday that celebrates the traditional Lunar New Year.[២]

Khmer New Year's celebration dates back to ancient times and long ago, and a large part is linked to Hinduism in India . "Khmer New Year" is the name of Cambodian festivals, which celebrate New Year's Eve in the traditional lunar calendar. In fact, the ancient year of the ancient year, in January, according to the diary of Zhou Daguan which came to the Khmer Empire in 1296 AD, the 13th century later, changed in April to lunar calendar. right, and the months of the harvest season. The three-day holiday begins on New Year's Day, usually on April 13th or 14th, at the end of the harvest season when farmers enjoy their crops before the beginning of the rainy season. Cambodians living abroad may choose to celebrate during the weekend instead of on April 13 to April 16. The Khmer New Year coincided with the new year of sunlight in parts of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka. In Khmer New Year there are also related legends by Cambodian Owner Professors' 'Treong Ngea' 1969 about the parable of the three Parallels between the god of Brahmā (four faces) with the god of Vishnu has been born into a boy named "Tommabal Komar" has both aesthetic animal language and has learned many other scriptures and turned to Buddhism .[១] [២]

Khmer New Year Legend

It is said that at the beginning of the Hindu-Buddhist period, there was a rich man he respected Buddhism and he had a son called Tommabal Komar. The father built a chapel for a child's education to be a meditation, Children's Instruction "Tommabal Komar" "became a young priest, a bridesmaid. , a precept of all kinds of people in Buddhism, At that time the sowing of Buddhism for the administration of children was famous to known to Brahma, is a happy wedding to all people in religious rituals Hinduism, Brahma looked and wondered way, why the Vishnu god was born into the boy name : "Tommabal Komar", and returned to respect Buddha! Brahma just wanted to win the Vishnu of a child's education. "Brahma also became a Brahmin to come down to the" 3 "parables for" Tommabal Komar. "Promising that if I became acquainted, I would have But if the cure for the child is not successful, then the cat and the head of the "Tommabal Komar". in days to parse a parable. After six days, I still do not realize that this morning will be the death of a real criminal, so I should go hide and hide. The Child's Exploitation has been rested on Palm tree, a hive of two eagles. The eagle is the body of the King of Garuda, the vehicle of the Vishnu that is waiting to help him, because Vishnu is born into a human avatar.

Cambodia New Year Legend
Khmer New Year Legend
Brahma Lose his head to "Tommabal Komar"
  • The two eagle were talking to conversations :
  • The female eagle asked, "What am we eating this morning?
  • The male eagle answers, "We will eat the" Tommabal Komar" for Kelp altars because they can not be cleared a bout parable.
  • The female eagle asked how the parable? - The male eagle answer: Where is the morning of Glory? "The first parable must be answered in front of it," so all people will have to wash their face in the morning.
  • The male eagle Continues Where is the Noon of Glory? "The second parable has to answer in the chest," so it's hot in the middle of the day, so people have to wash their chests to daytime.
  • The male eagle continues: Where is the sunset at night? "The third parable has to say that at the feet, people wash their feet and go to bed at night dream.

That boy's teachings have been heard so much, and he back to the spiritual realm to date on the seventh day, the last Sunday. Subsequently, the children of "Tommabal Komar" answered the parable of the Brahmin, and Brahmin was also willing to lose and beheaded for sacrifice. The Brahmin, before and beheaded, transformed back to the Brahma, saying that now his father had to cut the incense bowl for the pedagogical child's parable. But if his head on earth will be a fire of the earth, and if it falls to the air and there is no rain, dumped in the ocean and dried up, then let the seven daughters take the head of the father. was over, Brahma also cut off his head and handed her to "Tungsak Tevi" the eldest daughter the angel of Sunday. (Tungsak Tevi) took the head of the father and flew over 60 minutes fly cicle Mount Kailash of the Royal Periodic Monument, taking the headquarters of the father in a cemetery in Kant Mealy of Pagoda paradise and worshiping other gods at the mountain Mount Meru. Later, the seven angel goddesses adopted the Child Discourse, which came to be known as called "God Pishnuka" meaning "Son of the God" divert from word load Vishnu and she gave to the seven Gems called "Pheak Kak Votey Soaphea" meaning "beautiful mind set" to the boy "Tommabal Komar".

  • Red Gems (the name of the "Butom Reach") Carved as statues Indra goddess of light. Indra Khmer call "Preah In". (ព្រះឥន្ទ្រ)
  • Purple Gems (the name of "Bok Kda") Put in the bow of the "God Pishnuka" and Connected The Rama Khmer Call "Ream".​ he raise the bow get married with Sita Khmer call "Sey Da"
  • Blue Gems (the name of the Mura), which finally became her "Arakhak Tevi". Connected the story Manimekhala, the angel Keep the Ocean and represent the Thunder. the blue gems "Rama" gave to a teacher "Mekhala" protect his wife "Sita" in forest.
  • Yellow Gems (the name of the "Pitur") As eyeglasses in the eyes of Maitreya Buddha statue the last Buddha religious, Khmer Call "Preh Siare mitrey".
  • Green Gems (the name of the "Morokot") Carved as statues Emerald Buddha 46 BC From "Dhama" India and Connected Khmer New Year Thirds days Buddhists wash the statues and The Legend Emerald Buddha leaves Cambodia 1593 AD after the Siamese army break Longvek City of Cambodia.
  • White Jade (the name of "Bosak Reakaom") Born White Monkey Call Hanuman. but the India Hanuman history born not cleared and different story from Cambodia.
  • Black Gems Nickel (the name of the "Nil Roth") Born Black Monkey Call "Nil Pheak" The Messenger of Rama.

All seven gems Connected to the story "Reamker" (រាមកេរ្តិ៍), Finally the seven angels takes the head Brahma and flew over 60 minutes Circle of the Mt "Mount Kailash" and taking the headquarters of the father in a cemetery in the Kant Mealy of Pagoda paradise, and worshiping other gods at Mt "Phnom Preah So Mae" means Mt Mount Meru every year with her vehicle. story Khmer new year wrote by professor Treong Ngea of Cambodian owner [៣]

Following table lists names of Lady Songkrant and her action characteristics

  • If She goes out at morning to noon (She standing her vehicle) 6 : 00 AM > 12 : 00 PM
  • If She goes out at noon to evening (She sits on a curve her vehicle) 12 : 00 PM > 6 : 00 PM
  • If She goes out at evening to midnight (She sleep open eye her vehicle) 6 : 00 PM > 12 : AM
  • If She goes out at midnight to early morning (She sleep closed eye her vehicle ) 12 : 00 AM > 6 : 00 AM
Day Of Weak & Color Skirt Names Ear Flower Color Clothing Jewellery Gems Eating Food Right Hand Weapons Left Hand Weapons Vehicle
     Sunday Sun Angel (Tungsak Tevi) Pomegranate flowers Red Ruby

(Red Gems)

Fig

(Fruit)

Wind and fire wheels Fire Conch Garuda
     Monday Moon Angel (Korea Keak Tevi) Millingtonia Yellow Amethyst

(Purple Gems)

Oil Short Sword Walking stick Tiger
     Tueday Mars Angel (Reaksak-Sa Tevi) Lotus flower Black Sapphire

(Blue Gems)

Blood Trident Bow and Arrow Horse
     Wednesday Mercury (planet) Angel (Mondia Tevi) Plumeria Sky blue Chatoyancy

(Yellow Gems)

Milk Sewing needle Walking stick Donkey
     Thursday Jupiter Angel (Kerinney Tevi) Magnolia Green Emerald Bean & Sesame Elephant goad Crossbow Elephant
     Friday Venus Angel (Kemera Tevi) Nymphaeaceae White White Jade Green Banana Short Sword Harp Water Buffalo
     Saturday Saturn Angel (Mohoa Tor rea Tevi) Jasmine Dark Blue Onyx

(Black Gems)

Venison Wind and fire wheels Trident Peacock

Explain the sources of the seven angels Sangkrant Cambodia

Brahma is the most important deity of Brahmanism, because he is the creator of all natural beings, the philosopher, the builder. Characteristics of Brahma [៣]

  • Four faces
  • Four Hands Holding : The script ,Lotus flower,Vase, Dishes & spoon
  • Red body
  • First wife, Gayatri, she does not have any children, her husband Brahma gave to seven beat in Vase and She drink after she has the seven daughters
  • Her second wife, Saraswati.

The three days of the new year

Traditionally, Khmer New Year is celebrated within three days. One day is called Moha Songkrant, Day two is called Virak Vanabat and Day 3 is called Vearak Loeng Sak. New Year Angel coming to earth is always different from each year. People based on the time written is Moha Songkrant, which is predicted by "Hoara" (astrologer) in Royal Palace, Phnom Penh. When it comes time the angel comes, at the offering table, people start to They will pray like this, and pray for the new year's angel for health, happiness and pray like yourself.

Moha Songkrant : (មហាសង្ក្រាន្ត), is the Khmer New Year's national holiday. Moha Songkrant is 13 April every year, but the holiday period extends from 14–15 April and some time from 16 April. Moha Songkrant Khmer Festival' extended to seven-day holiday,The word "Moha Songkrant" comes from the Sanskrit word saṃkrānti (Devanāgarī: संक्रांति),[៤] literally "astrological passage", meaning transformation or change. The term was borrowed from Makar Sankranti, the name of a Hindu harvest festival celebrated in India in January to mark the arrival of spring. It coincides with the rising of Aries on the astrological chart and with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia, in keeping with the Buddhist/Hindu solar calendar.[៥]

Virak Vanabat (វីរៈវ័នបត)

Vireak Vanabat is the name of the second day of the new year celebration. The angel takes the head Brahma and flew over 60 minutes fly circle of the Mountain "Mount Kailash" and took the headquarters of the father in a cemetery in The cemetery of Kant Mealy of Pagoda paradise, and worshiping other gods at the Mountain Mount Meru Khmer all "Phnom Preah So Mae". People contribute charity to the less fortunate by helping the poor, the servants, the homeless and the low- income families. Families await a dedication ceremony to their ancestors at monasteries. People contribute charity to the less fortunate by helping the poor, servants, homeless, and low-income families. Families attend a dedication ceremony to their ancestors at monasteries.

Vearak Loeng Sak (វារៈឡើងស័ក)

T'ngai Loeng Sak in Khmer is the name of the third day of the new year celebration. The angels change the year of the animal Zodiac [៤]. And the connected history extract God of Emerald Buddha 46 BC, Buddhists wash the Buddha statues and their elders with perfumed water. Bathing the Buddha images is a symbolic practice to wash bad actions away like water clean dirt from household items. It is also thought to be a kind deed that will bring longevity, good luck, happiness and prosperity in life. Son and Daughter wash their parents for gratitude of giving birth.

History of Khmer New Year

All nation in the world celebrate new year every year with different date and preparation according to their traditional Cultures. Cambodia People also celebrate new year every year since ancient time.it's among biggest and colorful celebrations of the of the year.Khmer new year in Khmer "Chol Chhnam Thmey" entering new year. During Angkor era,Khmer celebrated new year based on the lunar solar calendar.According to Chinese diplomat, Zhou Daguan he arrived at Angkor in August 1296 and he stay at Khmer empire 1 years in 13th century recorded that Khmer celebrated new year in the the Khmer calendar is "Mikaser" (មិគសិរ) which fell on January of Chinese calendar.After Angkor period, the new year celebration date has been changed, because Cambodian use both lunar moon solar and sun solar calendar.The current new year celebration date was determined based on solar calendar, which typically falls on April 13th or 14th of the Gregorian calendar.And this date is set as official new year day for Cambodians today.Cambodian practice the tradition and reinforce their beliefs about heaven, earth,and hell,good and bad,in which the result people got is from their deeds in their life.And so this life of living they shall do many good deeds for the next better life.There is a legend related to Khmer new year,that people believe that every new year there is one new angel come to take care the earth and people.[៥] [៦]

New Year's customs

Cambodia is home to a variety of games played to transform the dull days into memorable occasions. These games are similar to those played in Manipur, a north-eastern state in India.[៦] Throughout the Khmer New Year, street corners often are crowded with friends and families enjoying a break from routine, filling their free time with dancing and games. Typically, Khmer games help maintain one's mental and physical dexterity.

Teanh Prot (ទាញព្រ័ត្យ)

Tug of war (also known as Lbeng Teanh Prot[ in Khmer: ល្បែងទាញព្រ័ត្រ] war of tug, tug o' war, tug war, rope war, rope pulling, tugging war or Afrikaans: toutrek) is a sport that directly puts two teams against each other in a test of strength: teams pull on opposite ends of a rope, with the goal being to bring the rope a certain distance in one direction against the force of the opposing team's pull.

Chol Chhoung (ចោល⁣ឈូង)

A game played especially on the first nightfall of the Khmer New Year by two groups of boys and girls. Ten or 20 people comprise each group, standing in two rows opposite each other. One group throws the chhoung to the other group. When it is caught, it will be rapidly thrown back to the first group. If someone is hit by the chhoung, the whole group must dance to get the chhoung back while the other group sings to the dance.

Chab Kon Kleng (ចាប់⁣កូនខ្លែង)

A game played by imitating a hen as she protects her chicks from a crow. Adults typically play this game on the night of the first New Year's Day. Participants usually appoint a strong player to play the hen who protects "her" chicks, while another person is picked to be the "crow". While both sides sing a song of bargaining, the crow tries to catch as many chicks as possible as they hide behind the hen.

Bos Angkunh (បោះអង្គុញ⁣)

The simple style consists of just throwing the Ongkunhs to hit the target Ongkunhs. The extended style adds five more stages in addition to the throwing stage. Both styles end with a penalty called Jours-activity that the winning team members get to perform on the losing team members. The Jours-activity is performed by using the Onkunghs the hit the knees of the losing team.

Leak Kanseng (លាក់⁣កន្សែង)⁣

A game played by a group of children sitting in a circle. Someone holding a "kanseng" (Cambodian towel) that is twisted into a round shape walks around the circle while singing a song. The person walking secretly tries to place the "kanseng" behind one of the children. If that chosen child realizes what is happening, he or she must pick up the "kanseng" and beat the person sitting next to him or her.

Bay Khom (បាយខុម)

A game played by two children in rural or urban areas during their leisure time. Ten holes are dug in the shape of an oval into a board in the ground. The game is played with 42 small beads, stones or fruit seeds. Before starting the game, five beads are put into each of the two holes located at the tip of the board. Four beads are placed in each of the remaining eight holes. The first player takes all the beads from any hole and drops them one by one in the other holes. He or she must repeat this process until they have dropped the last bead into a hole that lies besides any empty one. Then they must take all the beads in the hole that follows the empty one. At this point, the second player may have his turn. The game ends when all the holes are empty. The player with the greatest number of beads wins the game. It is possibly similar to congkak.


Angkor Songkrant (អង្គរសង្ក្រាន្ត)

Angkor Songkrant (ភាសាសំស្ក្រឹតAngkor Songkrant) is an event of Khmer New Year organized by the Union of Youth Federations of Cambodia (UYFC) which is held in Siem Reap province from 14–16 April. Culture event action-packed Angkor Sangkran is an opportunity for all Cambodians as a united Khmer Family and for foreign friends to receive unforgettable and exquisite experiences during Khmer New Year in Cambodia.

Dates in Khmer calendar [[៧]]

Gregorian Date Animal Day of the week Gregorian Date Animal Day of the week
2001 13 April Snake Friday 2026 13 April Horse Tuesday
2002 13 April Horse Saturday 2027 13 April Goat Thursday
2003 13 April Goat Sunday 2028 13 April Monkey Saturday
2004 13 April Monkey Tuesday 2029 13 April Rooster Sunday
2005 13 April Rooster Wednesday 2030 13 April Dog Monday
2006 13 April Dog Thursday 2031 13 April Pig Tuesday
2007 13 April Pig Friday 2032 13 April Rat Thursday
2008 13 April Rat Sunday 2033 13 April Ox Friday
2009 13 April Ox Monday 2034 13 April Tiger Saturday
2010 13 April Tiger Tuesday 2035 13 April Rabbit Sunday
2011 13 April Rabbit Wednesday 2036 13 April Dragon Tuesday
2012 13 April Dragon Friday 2037 13 April Snake Wednesday
2013 13 April Snake Saturday 2038 13 April Horse Thursday
2014 13 April Horse Sunday 2039 13 April Goat Friday
2015 13 April Goat Monday 2040 13 April Monkey Sunday
2016 13 April Monkey Wednesday 2041 13 April Rooster Monday
2017 14 April Rooster Friday 2042 13 April Dog Tuesday
2018 14 April Dog Saturday 2043 13 April Pig Wednesday
2019 14 April Pig Sunday 2044 13 April Rat Friday
2020 13 April Rat Monday 2045 13 April Ox Saturday
2021 13 April Ox Tuesday 2046 13 April Tiger Sunday
2022 13 April Tiger Thursday 2047 13 April Rabbit Monday
2023 13 April Rabbit Friday 2048 13 April Dragon Wednesday
2024 13 April Dragon Sunday 2049 13 April Snake Thursday
2025 13 April Snake Monday 2050 13 April Horse Friday

See also

Notes *

  • Inscription Tep Brahnom Temple K.195
  • Inscription Phnom Sondok Temple K.392
  • Inscription Beng Mealea Temple K.185
  • Moha Sangkrant Book Of Cambodian 1969 By Cambodian Owner Professors​ Treong Ngea but this book lost by Khmer Rouge 1975
  • The record of the Khmer New Year's Eve by Zhou Daguan, 1296 AD.


References

  • https://books.google.com.au/books?id=9J6kBQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=Lunar%20New%20Year%20&f=false
  • https://books.google.com.au/books?id=9J6kBQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=Lunar%20New%20Year%20&f=false
  • "BBC - Religions - Hinduism: Brahma"http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/deities/brahma.shtml 
  • ទំព័រគំរូ:Cite MWSD
  • "Buddhist calendar"។ 2018-07-19https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist_calendar 
  • Singh, Atom Sunil; Indigenous Games of Cambodia and Manipur
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